Austria - Partition under Allied Occupation 1945.
Note the Enns Bridge at Linz as the entry point from the American Zone into the Soviet Zone, and the pass on the railway at Semmering as the entry point from the British Zone into the Soviet Zone. Unlike Berlin, Vienna had a central zone which was patrolled by all three powers jointly: Each JEEP would contain three soldiers, one from each of the occupying power. Outside of this central International Zone was the four zones of the British, American, Soviet and French occupiers. On his way to film The Third Man in Vienna, actor Joseph Cotton was hauled off the train in the middle of the night on the Semmering Pass as the train entered the Soviet controlle point and narrowly missed being detained there.
The eastern end of the Enns Bridge under Soviet Occupation.
Looking back across the Enns Bridge into the Allied Zone of Austria
Point of No Return. Looking across the Enns Bridge into the Soviet Zone. The Soviet border post was at the end of the bridge on the left. After this you could continue down the Danube to the Allied Zones in Vienna. The Danube runs parallel to the road on the northern (left hand) side.
1945: General Walker meets General Dimitrov on the Enns Bridge. Note that there was no footbridge on either side of the road bridge at this time. ©
The maker's plate ©
Top left the Enns Bridge c1994 looking east into the Soviet Zone. Top right, the Soviet bank of the River in 1945. Center, US Army General Walker meets Soviet General Dimitrov on the bridge in 1945
This was not the first time the Russians had reached the Enns Bridge: From Tolstoy's War and Peace :
Kutuzov fell back towards Vienna, destroying behind him the bridges over the rivers Inn (in Braunau) and Traun (in Linz). On the twenty-third of October, the Russian troops were crossing the river Enns. At midday Russian transport, artillery, and troop columns were strung out through the town of Enns, on both sides of the bridge.
The day was warm, autumnal, and rainy. The vast prospect that opened out from the height where the Russian batteries stood, defending the bridge, was now suddenly covered by a muslin curtain of slanting rain, then suddenly widened out, and in the sunlight objects became visible and clear in the distance, as if freshly varnished. At one's feet one could see the little town with its white houses and red roofs, the cathedral, and the bridge, on both sides of which streamed crowding masses of Russian troops. At the bend of the Danube one could see boats and an island, and a castle with a park, surrounded by the waters of the Enns falling into the Danube; one could see the left bank of the Danube, rocky and covered with pine forest, with a mysterious distance of green treetops and bluish gorges. One could see the towers of a convent looming up from the pine forest with its wild and untouched look, and far away on a hilltop, on the other side of the Enns, one could see the mounted patrols of the enemy.
At Weyer on the Enns was the second entrance to the Soviet Zone from the American Zone.
+ SEE ALSO
+ Danube Road, Linz to Vienna.
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