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Berlin (1945) Wikipedia - Berlin Wikipedia - Battle for Berlin

 

DDAC Durchfahrtspläne fur 150 deutsche Städe
Berlin 1939 by DDAC

 

 

 

BRANDENBURG TOR - PARISER PLATZ

 

 

1913 Berlin Brandenburg Tor - Wedding procession of Princess Viktoria Louise passes Pariser Platz and Brandenburg Tor
1913 Berlin Brandenburg Tor - Wedding procession of Princess Viktoria Louise passes Pariser Platz and Brandenburg Tor

 

Berlin 1945: Brandenburg Tor, Pariser Platz, the burning Adlon Hotel
1945: A dead Waffen SS man behind the Brandenburg Tor while the Hôtel Adlon burns

 

The Brandenburg Tor looking up Unter den Linden past the burned out Hôtel Adlon on the right of the Tor
Berlin in 1945. All of the bodies, wrecked military vehicles and rubble have been cleared up. A portrait of Stalin stands at the start of Unter den Linden, and the burned-out hulf of the Hôtel Adlon can be seen on the upper right of the Brandenburg Tor.

The Brandenburg Tor in the 1940s

 

Brandenberg Tor 1960s
Berlin, the Brandenburg Tor in 1961, just before the wall went up.

 

Brandenburg Tor

 

Brandenburg Tor
Berlin, the Brandenburg Tor, 1961, just after the wall was erected.

1970s: Brandenburg Tor, Berlin
The Brandenburg Tor, 1970s

 

The Hotel Adlon from the Brandenburg Tor
The Hôtel Adlon from the Brandenburg Tor circa 1998

 

1995 - The newly reopened Hotel Adlon
1998 The newly reopened Hôtel Adlon Wikipedia - . The original Hôtel Adlon was burned down in 1945.

The motion picture Grand Hotel (1932) Wikipedia - Grand Hotel was based on the Adlon. The Adlon was an Imperial favorite and guests of the Kaisers were put up here rather than at the palace because the Adlon had hot and cold running water. The Adlon was not patronized by the Nazis, who preferred the Kasierhof down in the Leipziger Platz, Hitler only visited once. Ian Fleming stayed at the Adlon before WWII, which was his favorite hôtel in Berlin. In post-war divided Berlin, Fleming stayed at the Kempinski in West Berlin. In the final days of the Soviet encirclement of Berlin the Adlon was full of German wounded during the final days. Veterans of the Ostfront, many of them shot themselves as the Soviets broke through into the center of Berlin. A few days after the Soviets arrived, spilled medical alcohol was set alight and the Russians refused to let anyone put out the fires, which resulted in the Adlon burning down. Like so much in Berlin and the Wilhelmstrasse it seemed it would be gone forever.

To my immmense surprise, in the 1990s, the Adlon was rebuilt. As soon as it opened, I went to stay there. I believe the concierges at the Aldon to be the finest in the world.

1998 - The Brandenburg Tor from within the newly reopened Adlon Hotel
1998 - The Brandenburg Tor Wikipedia - in Pariser Platz from within the newly reopened Hôtel Adlon. The towers of the Reichstag Wikipedia - Reichstag, at this date still a bricked-up ruin, can be seen during repair, center frame, beyond the cranes.

 

Pariserplatz on Unter den Linden, Berlin
1998: Pariserplatz on Unter den Linden, Berlin. Taken from the Hôtel Adlon.

 

Brandenburg Tor and Pariserplatz from the Hôtel Adlon.
Brandenburg Tor and the Pariserplatz on the Unter den Linden. Taken from the Hôtel Adlon.

 

Die Queen und Prinz Phillip arrive at the Hotel Adlon in their Bentley, Berlin, Brandenburg Tor, Pariser Platz
Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness Prince Phillip arrive at the Hotel Adlon, Berlin. The Kaiser used to place his guests at the Adlon because the Schloss was so old that the facilities were quite basic, with no hot and cold running water.

 

TIERGARTEN

The wreck of a Fieseler Storch at the foot of the Victory Monument in the Tiergarten, Berlin, 1945

1945 May: The wreck of a Fieseler Storch Wikipedia - Fieseler Storch next to the Victory Monument Wikipedia - Berlin Victory Column in the Tiergarten. After Berlin became a pocket, cut off from the AG Schörner Wikipedia - Schörner in Bohemia, a landing strip was built in the Tiergarten which ran from the Brandenberg Tor to the Victory Monument. The Victory Monument was right in the way and an overloaded Ju-52 Wikipedia - stalled while trying to clear to the right of the monument shortly after becoming airborne.

 

REICHSKANZLEI & FÜHRERBUNKER

+ Reichskanzlei - On the day of notable events in the life and death of the Third Reich, a police wagon is parked outside the former site of the Reichskanzlei on the Voßstraße, just in case of any political gathering.

 

 

Berlin: Voss Strasse and the former site of the Reichskanzlerei
1995: Looking west back up the Voßstraße to the Wihelmstraße at the site of the former Reichskanzlei. The Führerbunker was behind the Reichskanzlei to the north. The apartment blocks were erected by the DDR a few years before reunification.

1995 - The view from the Fuhrerbunker over the death strip and the Berlin Wall into West Berlin
1995 - The view from the Führerbunker Wikipedia - over the death strip and the Berlin Wall Wikipedia - into West Berlin

 

Karte: Berlin, showing Allied and Soviet sektors
Map of Berlin, showing Allied and Soviet sectors

 

 

1945 April 20th: The Reichschancellery Garden: Hitlerjugend defending Berlin are presented to Adolf Hitler on the occassion of his birthday
1945 April 20th: The Reichschancellery Garden: Hitlerjugend defending Berlin are presented to Adolf Hitler on the occasion of his birthday

The Berlin Wall 1961, showing wall topped by barbed wire, tank traps and a fence
Berlin Wall, showing the wall topped by barbed wire, tank traps to prevent vehicles ramming the wall and a fence to prevent approach.

Berlin - Vossstrasse and the death strip on the Berlin Wall 1990s
Looking north along the Death Strip toward the Reichstag from Voßstraße.

 

Berlin: Voss Strasse and the Leipziger Platz
1995: The west end of Voßstraße looking over to what was the Leipzigerplatz. The Berlin Wall and the death strip was behind the camera. You can see the office blocks under construction in both of the above photographs.

Berlin: Corner of Voss Strasse and Wilhelm Strasse, 1995
Looking down the Wihelmstraße at the junction with the Voßstraße toward the headquarters of the Luftwaffe.

 

 

 

LEHRTERBAHNHOF

Berlin Lehrter S-Bahn station in 1998
The Lehrter S-Bahn station in 1998, looking north.

The Lehrter Bahnhof itself was demolished after the World War II, leaving the S-Bahn station on the border with the Soviet Zone Wikipedia - West Berlin. The Lehrter S-Bahn station was demolished around 2004 and replaced with Berlin's Hauptbahnhof Wikipedia - Berlin Hauptbahnhof. You can see the towers of the Reichstag Wikipedia - Reichstag then the distinctive white tower block just east of the Friedrichstrasse Wikipedia - Friedrichstrasse Bahnhof Wikipedia - Friedrichstrasse Bahnhof to the left of the Reichstag. The Reichstag is almost due south of the Lehrter S-Bahn station, thanks to the 270 degree panorama. The large tower block just right of mid frame is the Charité Hospital Wikipedia - Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

Berlin Lehrter S-Bahn in 1998
Berlin Lehrter S-Bahn in 1998. The camera looks north east.

 

 

FRIEDRICHSTRAßE BAHNHOF

Friedrichstrasse Bahnhof 1998
The Friedrichstrasse in 1998. The station is right of frame and the camera looks north-west. Left of frame is the Hotel Maritim Pro-Arte.

The Friedrichstrasse featured in several historical events including the visit of the Duke of Windsor to Berlin in 1936 and the final breakout from the Soviet encirclement in May 1945. The fighting in the breakout took place further down the Friedrichstrasse under the bridge.

 

TEMPELHOF

 

Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52 D-AQUI at Tempelhof 1998
Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52 D-AQUI Wikipedia - List of Airworthy Ju 52 at Tempelhof Wikipedia - Tempelhof 1998

 

 

 

FLAKTURM

 

Falkturm 3 at the Humboldthain
Flakturm 3 at the Humboldthain Wikipedia - Flakturm 3

 

 

- Germany's Atlantik Wall Radar Defenses Link - Atalntik Wall

 

WK2 Allied Intelligence Map of Berlin 1944
WK2 Allied Intelligence map of Berlin 1944

 

Post-war map of Berlin showing Allied and Soviet sectors partitioning the city
Post-war map of Berlin showing Allied and Soviet sectors partitioning the city

 

 

Berlin - Anhalter Bahnhof 1990s
The Anhalter Bahnhof U-bahn around 1992

 

 

The beauty of East Germany was that it had no money and East Berlin was preserved as if the fighting has just stopped. Battle damage was left unrepaired and ruins were left as ruins. If you are visiting Berlin try to make contact with the Berlin Underground Society who tour and maintain many of Berlin's remaining bunkers. Officer and author Tony Le Tissier did a splendid job of recording eyewitness accounts and the stories of veterans in his books. After the Battle Magazine have published magnificently researched books and articles dealing with the history of Berlin. I will add earlier photographs of these locations as soon as I can digitize them.

 

+ Berlin's abandoned Airfields Link - Berlin's Abandoned Airfield

+ Berlin's ghost stations on the Link - AtlasObscura - Berlin ghost U-Bahn stations of the Cold War U-Bahn http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/inside-the-forgotten-ghost-stations-of-a-once-divided-berlin

 

 

 

+ SEE ALSO

- A Dandy in Aspic (1968) Wikipedia - A Dandy in Aspic

- Berlin Express (1948) - Shot on location in the ruins of Frankfurt-am-Main and Berlin.

- Funeral in Berlin (1966) Wikipedia - Funeral in Berlin Link -

- Ian Fleming's novel The Living Daylights (1966)

 

 

+ EXTERNAL LINKS

- Pictures History Blogspot Link - Pictures History Blogspot

- Berlin S-Bahn enthusiasts Link - Berlin S-Bahn Enthusiasts

- On USENET rec.aviation.military and soc.history.war.world-war-ii which may be found at www.groups.google.com

- After the Battle Magazine Link -

- Berlin Underground Society Link - Berlin Underground

- Photographer Alan Gallou Link - Alan Gallou and his aeriel photographs of Berlin

- Link - A Kinski Blog Dudumesau - A Kinski Blog , with a guide to Kinski locations in Berlin.

 

 

+ BIBLIOGRAPHY

- Last Train from Berlin by Howard K. Smith

- Es geschah an der Mauer by Rainer Hildebrandt, curator of the Checkpoint Charlie Museum.

- Seelow 1945 - Die Entscheidungsschlacht and der Oder by Richard Lakowski published by Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus 3-89488-084-8 , 1996

- The New German Reichschancellery in Berlin 1939-1945 by Cowdery & Cowdery published by USM Inc 0-910667-28-4

- Anything by Tony Le Tissier

- Berlin - Then and Now published by After the Battle

- Slaughter at Halbe - The Destruction of Hitler's 9th Army by Tony Le Tissier published by Sutton Publishing ISBN 9780750945899

 

 

 

+ MAPS

 

 

 

 

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