»Bond ... James Bond....«
The cigarette has played a significant visual role in Twentieth Century movie and photographic history. A cigarette
gives actors the ability to use it as a visual device in the same way that cameramen would frame backgrounds as if composing a landscape. The image requires several elements just as harmony requires several notes. The cigarette or cigar gives the character an ability to display which emotions the character is meant to be portraying by giving them some kind of device, some kind of environment in which to pose themselves and give off these signals to the observer. The cigarette can enable a director to have the actor make express how the actor is meant to be feeling, or what the actor is about to do, by using the way the actor smokes to signal that. The Man with No Name in the Sergio Leone westerns signals the fact that he is always understated and in control by the slow and easy way he smokes his Toscanelli cigar. If he had to signal that the situation was serious and would require rapid action, then he could signal that by throwing the cigar away, and in a specific manner.
Smoking was nearly universal in the Forties but from the Seventies onwards a steady increase in the understanding of the health risks meant that smoking became tolerated less and less. As some of us enter the twenty-first century and we find that smoking is prohibited by legislation in many places and thus the act of smoking becomes a symbol of the display of liberty. Not for much longer, however, as cigarettes, guns and fast cars will all go to the wall, probably in the remainder of my lifetime. Probably within the remainder of that lifetime, audiences will see a character pull up in an automobile while smoking a cigarette and wearing a gun and be amazed that once it was possible to do both of the latter, and in an automobile which was not fitted with a satellite spy device.
Just as modes of dress, or choice of automobiles become an element of expression of identity, a way of defining it, so did a choice of cigarette. Fleming in his James Bond novels spends much time describing Bond's choice of cigarette as well as important items of identity such as smokers' accessories: Cigarette cases, cigarette lighters and cigarette holders.
In wartime class differences would be carried through to the military. Officers and men would smoke different brands of cigarettes and in all of the armies of World War Two. In the Soviet Army, officers would smoke Kazbek, and the ranks would smoke rolled-up Mahorka tobacco. In the German Army, officers would smoke Overstolz or even Muratti.
Ian Fleming himself as well as his character James Bond smoked cigarettes rolled especially for him by the company of Morland, who had their shop and manufactory in London on the corner of Grosvenor Street and New Bond Street . Fleming had his cigarettes rolled with a fine blend of Balkan tobaccos and papers with three gold bands in reference to the Naval Rank of Commander. John Pearson, biographer of Fleming who worked under him at the Sunday Times told that Fleming smoked sixty Morlands a day, even after his first heart attack. A Miss Cohen at Morlands handled Ian Fleming's account and 300 of his cigarettes were dispatched weekly on Friday. Sometimes Fleming would call in for a re-supply.
Sadly, Morland ceased to exist in the late Sixties, which is a shame as they could probably exist solely by production of cigarettes for devotees of James Bond. Like all high quality cigarettes of that era, Morland cigarettes were shipped in a flat box which hinged at the rear and opened to reveal a double-stack of Cigarettes, their tips facing away from the smoker. The boxes in which Morland cigarettes were shipped seemed to vary in color, and so Fleming's may not have been blue as shown in the image on these pages.
From Ian Fleming's novel Casino Royale (1953) Page 24 (Pan edition):
»After a cold shower, he sat at the writing-table in front of the window. He looked out at the beautiful day and consumed half a pint of iced orange juice, three scrambled eggs and bacon and a double portion of coffee without sugar. He lit his first cigarette, a Balkan and Turkish mixture made for him by Morlands of Grosvenor Street, and watched the small waves lick the long seashore and the fishing-fleet from Dieppe string out towards the June heat-haze followed by a paper-chase of herring-gulls.«
From Moonraker (1955) Fleming describes Bond's cigarette case, cigarette lighter, and Morlands:
- 'Gunmetal' is a type of bronze (tin and copper) with which cannons were cast. It is a bronze color. A 'gunmetal finish' is black or deep blue in color because steel firearms were finished using a process which created a black oxide of magnetite on the surface, as opposed to a brown oxide of 'rust'. Magnetite is stable, unlike rust, and will absorb oil which gives the surface a measure of protection against oxidation and rust. Adding a 'gunmetal finish' requires the metal to be ferric - iron or steel - because only that metal will form magnetite, the black/blue finish which is desired.
Former site of Morland's Cigarettes on the corner of Grosvenor Street and New Bond Street , London, England
From the reference work Goldfinger by Adrian Turner (1998), Page 183. Ian Fleming is dining with his friend the poet & novelist William Plomer at The Ivy on May 12 of 1952:
»William how do you get cigarette smoke out out of a woman once you've got it in ?«
It was 12 May 1952 and Ian Fleming was lunching at the Ivy with his friend William Plomer. He followed the question by saying he didn't think that 'exhales' or 'puffs it out' sounded quite right.
You've written a book! said Plomer, quickly twigging.
Fleming made a fetish out of smoking, just as he made a fetish out of black knitted ties, boiled eggs and vodka martinis. He smoked cheerfully, obsessively and suicidally, usually seventy a day. Of course, everyone smoked in those days and those who did not were regarded as freaks, lepers, namby-pambys. Without a cigarette, stars like Humphrey Bogart, John Wayne and Bette Davis looked naked, and watching them was an audience wreathed in the wreaking cigarette smoke. Looking behind you in the cinema, the sight of tobacco smoke floating across the beam of the projector was one of the most evocative sights in the world, despite the fact that the nicotine stained the screens and dimmed the image.
Fleming smoked Morland cigarettes, which he bought from a shop at 83 Grosvenor Street, just around the corner of Bond Street. And because Fleming smoked them, so did Bond, who carried them in a case made from gunmetal and lit them with a black, oxidized Ronson lighter.
When Fleming was asked if Bond was wise in smoking such a conspicuous brand, he said:
»Of course .... of no self-respecting agent would use such things. He'd smoke Players or Chesterfields. But the readers enjoy such idiosyncrasies, and they accept them because they don't stop to think about it. The secrecy of my secret agent is pretty transparent, if you think about it even briefly. But the pace of the narrative gets one by these nasty little corners. It's a sleight of hand operation. It's overpowering the reader.«
The shop on Grosvenor Street was tiny and its window display contained bowls of tobacco, smokers' paraphernalia and copies of the latest James Bond novel. Inside, the smell was heavily perfumed and there was always the manager Miss Cohen, a middle aged woman with glasses and shiny black hair always tied in a tight bun. Sometimes you could glimpse a woman in the back room, rolling your very own. Until he became famous, Fleming would visit the shop every week and collect his weekly ration of five hundred at a cost, in 1963 of 37s 6d per week.
Morland cigarettes came, not in packs of twenty, like regular brands, but in boxes of fifty or a hundred. Because of the size of the boxes, you could never carry them in your breast pocket, so that if you were at a party and a friend offered a Piccadilly or a Capstan Full Strength, let alone a pathetic little Park Drive or a humble Woodbine, you couldn't produce your box of Morland and say 'Have one of mine', and savour the look of polite enquiry and snobbish thrill of being a smoker who stood out - and smelt different - from the rest.
The boxes were stoutly made, deep blue with gold writing, as if they might have contained jewels, which, of course, they did. One got them home and 'decanted' them into cigarette cases of gold, silver, or gunmetal. The cigarettes themselves were of regular length, not kingsize, and unfiltered, naturally. The name Morland never appeared. Instead, they had three gold rings at one end and, along the edge, in tiny capitals the word 'HANDMADE'. Each box contained a slip of paper which read:
These cigarettes are made of the most choice and perfectly blended tobaccos, the dormant fragrance of which is preserved in our careful process of manufacture. Each cigarette is made by hand, one by one, and tobacco dust, so harmful to the throat is entirely eliminated.
However, despite their claims to the contrary, the cigarettes were variable in quality. Some were perfect, others poorly filled and some seemed to have less leaf them stalk, which meant they burnt [sic] like an explosive fuze and lasted less than a minute. The blend of Balkan and Turkish tobacco was also annoyingly inconsistent; they could be strong or weak, bitter or deliciously sweet, with hints of cedarwood, dark chocolate, vanilla or unadulterated tar.
These were the days when cigarettes were objects of desire and they came packaged like works of art. Morland's was just one of several specialist tobacconists based in Mayfair, St James's or Soho. But even regular shops offered a dizzying array of of brands. W.D. & H.O. Wills had a remarkable cigarette called Passing Clouds, which was elliptical in shape and came in a pink flip-top boxes decorated with Van Dyke's The Laughing Cavalier. Bensen and Hedges could be bought in flat gold tins of twenty. Balkan Sobranie had a brand called Black Russian, with black paper and gold tips, and another brand called Cocktail, which came in a riot of different colours and was aimed at the ladies. Most expensive of all the proprietary brands though, were Players' Perfectos Finos, which were unusually plump and strong buggers sold in embossed green boxes of twenty-five.
You could buy cigarettes from Egypt, from Russia, from Turkey and most appealing of all, from America: King Size Chesterfield, Camel, Pall Mall, Lucky Strike, Lone Star and Philip Morris, all in pretty paper packs, all unfiltered, all expensive, all deliriously deadly. One of any of these with your first cup of coffee in the morning gave you such as terrific buzz, the nicotine coursing through your veins, that you could fall down the stairs.
Bond smoked for England. When abroad he favoured Chesterfields, or when in Turkey exotic things called Diplomats, which are still available. Gradually the movie versions played down Bond's smoking and once Broccoli even had a health warning tacked on to the final credits. Ian Fleming died in 1964 and a few years later the little shop in Grosvenor Street was stubbed out as well.
Players Perfectos Finos cigarettes
- Casino Royale (1953) page 16 (Pan edition):
During a description of Le Chiffre from MI6 files, we discover Le Chiffre chain smokes Caporal cigarettes.
»Dresses well and meticulously, generally in dark double-breasted suits. Smokes incessantly Caporals, using a denicotinizing holder. At frequent intervals inhales from benzedrine inhaler«
- From Russia with Love (1959)
In Fleming's From Russia with Love (1959), we also meet another stalwart of the Cold War Spy Era. Not a character or a building, but a cigarette:
»'Let us smoke.' General G. took out a packet of Moskwa-Volga cigarettes and lit one with an American Zippo lighter . There was a clicking of lighters round the table. General G. pinched the long cardboard tube of his cigarette so that it was almost flat and put it between his teeth on the right side of his mouth. He stretched his lips back from his teeth and started talking in short clipped sentences that came out with something of a hiss from between the teeth and the uptilted cigarette.«
This is the Belomorkanal cigarette, termed by Fleming, with literary license, the Moskau-Volga cigarette, was the working man's cigarette of the Soviet Union. The Belomorkanal cigarette is a cigarette from the pre-history of cigarettes, much as the Hoatzin bird is a creature which joins birds to their ancestors the reptiles. The Belomorkanal cigarette is composed of a two-thirds cardboard tube and one third tobacco-filled cigarette. The first two thirds is empty tube and the last third, normal cigarette. The tobacco is a cheap and exceedingly rough and strong. This design of proto-cigarette is referred to as Papirosi in Russian to distinguish them from cigarettes proper [also: Papirossy, Papierossi, Papyrosi. Papirosi]. At the time of its design cigarettes were smoked using a cigarette holder, for which the cardboard tube substitutes. In the Soviet Union before the war, there were only Papirosi, no cigarettes.
The cigarette - tobacco wrapped in paper which has been dipped in saltpetre to make it burn slowly like a fuze - was brought back from the Crimean War by returning British Army soldiers, hence they were referred to as 'Turkish Cigarettes' for the early part of their existence in the West. Cigars, tobacco wrapped in leaf were brought back from the Napoleonic Peninsular Wars by returning British soldiers.
The Belomorkanal Papirosi was supplied in a printed cardboard box made from the kind of cardboard used in lavatory paper rolls in the West. The smoker removed a cigarette from the box and began his enjoyment with an extensive tap of the cigarette to compact the tobacco in the end of the cigarette and remove any loose tobacco from the tube, to prevent it falling into his mouth. After the tapping ceremony, he would crush the end of the cardboard tube flat, as if placed between his teeth. Between the now flat end of the tube, and the tobacco at the business end of the cigarette was the uncrushed section of cardboard tube. This he crushes in a vertical direction giving the cigarette a distinctive profile. The tube is crushed in two directions to prevent any loosened tobacco from entering the mouth of the smoker while the cigarette is being smoked. With the ceremony of the crushing of the cardboard tube complete, the smoker is ready to light the cigarette.
Belomorkanal Papirosi packet and contents,
showing correct squeezing of cardboard tube prior to smoking.
The tobacco in Belomorkanal Papirosi tastes exceedingly coarse to a palate used to consuming the selected and refined tobacco included in Western cigarettes. Even to those who still smoke unfiltered cigarettes such as Senior Service and Capstan Full Strength .
You can see a Belomorkanal Papirosi being smoked properly by several of the characters in the motion picture Gorky Park (1983). Behind the Iron Curtain, failure to complete the pre-light-up ceremonies correctly would mark you out as a spy. In the West, the presence of the remains of Belomorkanal cigarettes meant that something was a-foot. Soviet intelligence agents never had expense accounts (cash - 'unvouchered funds' - an issue of cash the expenditure of which would not require the production of receipts) with which to entertain prospective informants and even the East Germans considered them cheap. Unless the individuals in Soviet intelligence were some way up the Party ladder then working men's habits and tastes such as the Belomorkanal Papirosi would be their lot.
Belomorkanal Papirosi are still in production, but becoming rare in metropolitan centers. If you ask at every tobacconist you see, you will find them. I bought my last box of them at a little tobacconist in the Lubyanka Metro stop. I wonder which other important names also bought their cigarettes there over the years ?
Mahorka tobacco is now very difficult to find, and is usually sourced at the Babushka Market, the street corner stalls run by older ladies who sell just about everything. If you find some, please email me and tell me exactly where you found it. Even better: Please send to me some. I will send to you the money. Mahorka tobacco will not be with us much longer.
In 1992 with Western companies rushing into the CIS to buy up cheap capital, the American tobacco company R.J. Reynolds purchased a controlling interest in Uritsky Tobacco Factory in Leningrad, manufacturers of the Belomorkanal Papirosi. The joint venture was called the RJR-Petro Tobacco Factory.
Post R.J. Reynolds takeover Belomorkanal Papirosi packets were unchanged except for a barcode added to them. This reduces their aesthetic value and diminishes their utility as a Movie-Prop. The actual Papirosi were the same, however. Vintage, pre-R.J.Reynolds, Belomorkanal are now very hard to find and perhaps only traded by collectors.
Post R.J. Reynolds Belomorkanal Papirosi packet, showing the barcode.
The capitalists ruin everything they touch.
Above are the reverse of packets of Belomorkanal Papirosi. Each packet bears the name of the town of the factory where it was manufactured.
From left to right.
1) Batumi in Georgia. Poor quality production.
2) Pogar, somewhere in Russia. Poor quality production.
3) Krasnodar City in Russia. Medium quality.
4) Odessa in Ukraine. Medium quality
Best quality production was Uritsky Tobacco Factory in Leningrad, which was purchased by R.J.Reynolds.
Using the term »Quality« with Papirosi is like using the term »Speed« with snails in that it is all relative. Some Papirosi were better quality than others in the same way that some snails are faster than others.
The year of manufacture of a packet of Belomorkanal is not possible to tell, as the printing on the packet was always the same.
Two different styles of image on the obverse of the packet. The left hand image has the territory of the CCCP colored in red, and no hyphen in the name Belomorkanal.
Note the tax stamp on the post-CCCP packet of Belomorkanal. There was no tax in the CCCP.
In the above photograph, detail of a post R.J. Reynolds production packet of Belomorkanal.
In the above Photograph, the top Belomorkanal is pinched correctly, the lowermost, incorrectly.
Transsiberian (2008) 00:03:11 In the above frames Ben Kingsley, playing the corrupt narcotics cop, lights himself a Belomorkanal. Perhaps being a corrupt narcotics cop does not pay so well or perhaps he is using it as a cover.
Transsiberian (2008) 01:38:50 Ben Kingsley shares a Belomorkanal with one of the soldiers. Note the vertical squeeze on the tube in the lowermost frame.
Gorky Park (1983) . In this scene you can observe that the actress is not a smoker in real life, and also, the Belomorkanal is been incorrectly prepared, having only one pinch in the tube. This would immediately mark her out as a bourgeois counter-revolutionary enemy of the people.
Gorky Park (1983) 00:23:30 A bottle of vodka and a packet of Belomorkanal on the desk of the chief investigator.
A Soviet AFV driver lights up a Belomorkanal.
Boris steps outside the the Soviet base to smoke a Belomorkanal in Goldeneye (1995)
Modern Belomorkanal package, circa 2000s. The capitalists have ruined everything: Now there is a health warning, and worse, a tax stamp.
Should you be heading for Station-T in Istanbul to take Turkish coffee, medium-sweet, at the same table as Benz, the KGB man, in Sirkeci Station, then I would recommend for authenticity and added atmosphere the purchase of a few packets of Belomorkanal Papirosi with which to take with you and consume over your Turkish coffee. Let the smoke rise as mists through your imagination, through which you can peer at the ghosts of the Cold War, both factual and fictional, who have trodden this platform a few steps away from you, from the time of the filming of From Russia with Love (1963), to the time of Fleming and back to the wartime heyday of Allied and Axis agents tailing each other across Istanbul. As you raise the little cup of black coffee, turn to the ghost of Benz and toast »Smiert Spionam« which is, in Russian, »Death to Spies«, and the abbreviation of which became the title of the bureau in question.
The Belomorkanal lasted beyond the end of Communism, and may last a while longer yet, unlike its southern cousin from Albania, the Partizani cigarette. Partizani cigarettes were a working man's cigarette which were produced in two factories in Albania and were available throughout neighboring Kosovo in Yugoslavia. They cost 18 lek when the wage for two weeks work for an ordinary working man was between 2000 and 4000 leks. The smarter brands of Albanian-produced cigarettes (smarter being a relative term in this case) cost around 250 lek. Only the white collar workers, paid every two weeks between 6000 and 11,000 lek, could afford these. Partizani cigarettes died almost immediately the Soviet Union fell, mostly because the market was flooded with illegally imported Western cigarettes upon which no tax had been paid. A multi-billion dollar industry developed based on the manufacture of fake cigarettes in the old Albanian factories and the laundering of Western-produced tax-free cigarettes from the freeports of Zug (CH) and Rotterdam (NL). The tax free cigarettes were purchased in the freeports, free of tax, flown to the Ukraine or North Africa and then to Montenegro or Albania. From there they were loaded into Cigarette Boats, fast racing boats, and shipped across the Adriatic to the Italian coast of Apulia where they would be received by the Comorra. Here they would enter the European market. Italy has always been the best source of counterfeit and fake goods, such as these. The Italian coast guard had to purchase their own cigarette boats to chase the smugglers, who also smuggled illegal immigrants into Europe via this route. The Italian police and coast guard could do little more than have fun chasing smugglers, as the task of interception was too great for them to be effective. The actual tax free price of pack of twenty cigarettes, at the point-of-sale, including the (Western) manufacturer's profit and all distribution costs is about forty cents. Everthing else you pay is tax.
In a following paragraph Fleming introduces a second cigarette, another Papirosi, the Kazbek.
The Kazbek, like the Belomorkanal, is a Papirosi. The Kazbek was slightly better quality and during the war had been considered an »officers smoke« in the same way that »Overstolz« was an officer's smoke in the German Army. The Kazbek is named after the mountain in Georgia . Making enquiries via cigarette wholesale suppliers in Russia, it seems that the Kazbek brand went out of production several decades ago.
Above and below: Kazbek Papirosi - An Officer quality smoke
Ahhh.... the Rodina. In the dreams of Gulag inmates, every meal was like this feast.
- http://www.mintorgmuseum.ru/vocabulary/ - A good list of the large range of Papirosi which were in production in the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union was blessed with a good supply of tobacco from its native soils, including high quality tobacco from the Balkans. It is this high quality tobacco which was used in the best brand of cigarettes manufactured by the company Balkan Sobranie of London. Sobranie stopped making cigarettes in the Eighties and the supply of these very fine cigarettes dried up. It appeared that English tobacco company Gallagher had acquired the Sobranie company and were still producing limited quantities of the cigarette, but not outside Germany. Foreign cigarette consumers were complaining that their mail-order of Sobranie cigarettes were being intercepted and destroyed by their own customs. Even inside Germany the supply was not exactly bountiful and I found a tobacconist in Bayreuth who managed to stock both Sobranie brands Black Russian and Cocktail, the Black Russian being my preference. The supply situation has improved since then and Sobranie cigarettes can be acquired at International duty free shops, sometimes without the splendid exterior being defaced by the health warning, depending on the jurisdiction.
From The Man with the Golden Typewriter by Fergus Fleming, is reproduced a letter 1958-APR-05 by Ian Fleming to the (left wing) newspaper Manchester Guardian responding to criticism of Bond's tastes for luxury goods:
Once Bond reaches Station T in Istanbul, Fleming introduces another Cigarette: The Diplomat. Fleming does not make clear which Diplomat but almost certainly they were the imported Romanian and Bulgarian kind.
Kerim Bey is speaking to Bond:
»What else? Cigarettes? Smoke only these. I will have a few hundred sent up to your hotel. They're the best. Diplomates. They're not easy to get. Most of them go to the Ministries and the Embassies.«
Markus Wolf , Cold-War head of the Stasi (officially the HVA) in his memoirs Man without a Face relates how before he joined the HVA he was with the East German diplomatic mission in Moscow, which would have been in December 1949. He was attending a reception for Chairman Mao, and suddenly the room falls silent: Comrade Stalin has entered the room.
»[...] Stalin lit one powerful Herzegovina Flor cigarette after another (these were special long, Russian paper-tipped papyrosi he favored).«
Herzegovina Flor Papirosi , produced only at the Java factory in Moscow.
Above and below, Herzegovina Flor Papirosi -Stalin's favorite smoke.
- Dr No (1962):
»Bond ... James Bond....«
Jack Lord and Sean Connery enjoy a break for coffee.
Sean Connery holds his black cigarette holder which contains a Gauloise. Cinema Retro in their special edition on Dr No (1962) have unearthed in what is a remarkable piece of scholarship what is almost certainly the first ever press article on James Bond as a screen presence, dated the day before the cast and crew flew to begin filming in Jamaica. In the article the interviewer states that Sean Connery smoked a Gauloise in a stubby black cigarette holder. By a stroke of luck which is equalled in magnitude only by Cinema Retro's diligence in research only days later I was reviewing some photographs of the making of Dr No (1962) and spotted the photograph above. Sure enough, there is Sean Connery smoking a Gauloise from a stubby black cigarette holder. Gauloise were unavailable in England at that time and would not be sold in England until the 1990s. The only source would have been from someone who was returning from France. Smoking Gauloise in London at that time would have marked you out as sophisticated and travelled.
Sean Connery and Sir Noel Coward at Firefly during filming of Dr No (1962).
In the above Photographs, Ian Fleming at Goldeneye
- From Russia with Love (1963):
Kronsteen smokes a Papirosi during the chess game in From Russia with Love (1963)
Kronsteen opens the pack of Papirosi. The pack has a hinged lid and you can see the gold foil paper which covers the cigarettes. The more expensive brands of cigarettes pre-war and up the 1950s were presented in packets of this design, such as the Muratti Ariston Luxe.
Smoking: »Birds do it, Bees do it, even Class 56 Henschel locomotives do it ...«
Ian Fleming and Sean Connery on location
- Goldfinger (1964):
On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969) 00:01:57 George Lazenby places a cigarette in his mouth while driving his Aston Martin DBS
00:02:03 George Lazenby lights his cigarette with his cigarette lighter
On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969): George Lazenby enjoys a cup of coffee and a cigarette on the Schilthorn
- The Man with the Golden Gun (1981):
Cigarettes: Chunghwa , manufactured by the Shanghai Tobacco Company.
Location: Eon Production's The Man with the Golden Gun (1981)
Cigarettes Chunghwa are the Premier Brand of the Shanghai Tobacco Company and have been in production since 1951. Cigarettes Chunghwa are as expensive, whether comparable or not, as Sobranie's »Black Russian« Brand. Packs without health warnings and matching the original used in filming are still available in various jurisdictions but almost certainly not for much longer.
In the above photograph, cigarettes »Chunghwa«, used by Christopher Lee in The Man with the Golden Gun
In the above Photographs, a Pack of 200 Cigarettes Chunghwa.
A packet of ten Chungwha.
After 1957 and Castro's take-over in Cuba, trade with the Soviet Union meant that the Soviet-Union took cigars in part payment for the commodities it supplied to keep Cuba afloat. This meant that even the smallest and most remote tobacconist in the Soviet Union was well-stocked with Cuban cigars at the same price as cigarettes. Even Afghanistan during the Soviet-Afghan war was plentifully supplied with all kinds of Soviet tobacco and cigarettes, again the Belomorkanal being the most popular. The Soviet Union was a smoker's paradise, not a worker's paradise. There was only one problem: Russians did not smoke cigars. Even so, with such a plenty of affordable tobacco, low incomes and supply/demand mismatches within the Soviet Union meant that an even cheaper form of tobacco was required by the market: The Mahorka tobacco.
Mahorka tobacco is one of several strains of the tobacco plant, Nicotiana Rustica . There are some twelve sub-strains of the Mahorka strain. The leaves of the Mahorka strain contain about seven per-cent nicotine, compared with around one or two per-cent nicotine for Virginia or Turkish tobacco leaves. This gives Mahorka tobacco its great strength and distinctive pungency, which would cloud the air above any small gathering of Soviet Infantry. Cigarette papers were manufactured within the Soviet Union but even this small expenditure would have been to great for most Russians. Almost universally the Soviet infantry used a torn up copy of the Pravda newspaper as cigarette paper. .
A wartime packet of Mahorka tobacco.
Three different strengths of Mahorka tobacco
From Kolyma Tales by Shalamov, Chapter Dominoes : Shalamov describes the universal practice, inside the GULAG and without, of rolling Mahorka cigarettes from newspaper:
‘So you won,’ Andrei Mihailovich said. ‘Congratulations! For a prize I present you with – this.’ He took from the night table a plastic [bakelite - (1)] cigarette case. ‘You probably haven’t smoked for a long time?’ He tore off a piece of newspaper and rolled a cigarette. There’s nothing better than newspaper for home-grown tobacco. The traces of typographic ink not only don’t spoil the bouquet of the home-grown tobacco but even heighten it in the best fashion. I touched a piece of paper to the glowing coals in the stove and lit up, greedily inhaling the nauseatingly sweet smoke. It was really tough to lay your hands on tobacco, and I should have quit smoking long ago. But even though conditions were what might be called ‘appropriate’, I never did quit. It was terrible even to imagine that I could lose this single great convict joy.
(1) The cigarette case would have been Bakelite but this has been mistranslated from the Russian into the English.
In a later chapter, Shalamov is given tobacco by one of the camp administrators:
Romanov went upstairs and again returned with a small pile of cheap tobacco heaped on a piece of newspaper. About three boxes, I determined with a practiced eye. The standard package of tobacco was enough to fill eight matchboxes. That was our unit of measure in camp.
Shalamov tells that the boxes of Mahorka would fill eight matchboxes.
Soviet miners take a smoke break from glorious Stakhanovite coal production.
Smokin': Birds do it... Bees do it... even Magnetogorsk does it....
Jim's Burnt Offerings website tells that when Gary Powers reached the ground after been shotdown in his U2 he was offered a Soviet Laika filter-tipped cigarette by the first person to find him. Powers declared that he enjoyed the cigarette and found it comparable to his usual brand.
All the items in the above photograph are Cold-War era except for the cigarette papers (top right) which are from the Second World War.
The distinctive Reichsadler tax stamp on Third Reich cigarettes makes their identification easy. Immediately after the collapse of the Third Reich, cigarettes became the de-facto currency within the former Third Reich countries. The Reichsmark was no longer worth anything, it had nothing backing it. Everything was in short supply and everything had a value in cigarettes. Some Allied soldiers told that they had to give up smoking because it was simply too expensive. This situation lasted until the issue of the mighty Deutschmark in 1949 #
This box of Ariston Luxe by Cigarettenfabrik Muratti AG Berlin is constructed in a manner typical of luxury cigarettes of the period. It features a flat box with a hinged lid, in which the cigarettes are covered by both silver foil and tissue paper. It is likely that the cigarettes made by Morland for Ian Fleming and James Bond were packaged in similar form.
Ariston Luxe by Cigarette manufacturers Muratti, of Berlin
The box of Ariston Luxe with their lid open revealing the silver foil covering of the contents. The silver foil has embossed into it the repeating mark 'Muratti'.
Beyond the silver foil covering is a covering of fine paper tissue.
Underneath the fine paper tissue covering are the filterless cigarettes bearing the maker's printed mark.
The edge of the silver foil covering and the tissue-paper covering is visible above the cigarettes.
Cigarettenfabrik Muratti AG Berlin
Good quality cigarette holders, especially cigarette holders of a length of twenty centimeters (eight inches), such as Fleming used to use, are difficult to find in these times. These cigarette holders were not mere plastic reproductions but would have been manufactured from either resin or dense exotic woods, such as ebony. The very long cigarette holders which you see ladies such as Audrey Hepburn using in Breakfast at Tiffanys were made from resin. Another famous Englander who enjoyed using distinguished and expensive cigarette holders was the actor Terry-Thomas, who possessed a small collection of cigarette holders in rare and exotic woods such as »Wangy wood«, a wood usually seen on the handles of better quality umbrellas. Thankfully these still are available from James Smith and Son on New Oxford Street in London, England. James Smith and Son will make umbrellas to your specification. Fleming does not mention umbrellas in this novels but if James Bond owned an umbrella, it would have been made for him by James Smith.
Ian Fleming with his black resin cigarette holders.
- Black resin twelve inch cigarette holders are available from www.violetsbox.com
+ LIGHTING CIGARS
There is a lot of bluster about cigars in the same way there is a lot of bluster about wines. One element of that bluster relating to cigars is how a cigar should be lit. Received wisdom has it that a cigar should not be lit with an ordinary liquid fueled cigarette lighter because it may taint the taste of the cigar as it burns. (1) If you taste the difference between two cigars, one lit by liquid fueled cigarette lighter and one by a match, then I take my hat off to you. Not one in million smokers could do it, in my estimation. (2) There are plenty of noxious fumes in the burning head of a match and even in burning pinewood, of which matchsticks are made. Avoid this 'posturing' about the method by which a cigar should be lit.
In fact, lighting a cigar with either a cigar lighter (LPG) or normal disposable lighter (liquid fuel) is fine. It is the Zippo fuel and other gasoline variants which, if one has sufficiently discerning palate, that one should not light a cigar with, because, clearly, the burning fuel gives off various smells. Again, I do not believe that one in million smokers could do discern it. Me: I like the smell of Napalm in the morning.
- CIGAR LIGHTERS - Symptoms: Your gas lighter gives flame for about ten seconds then slowly gives up. Cause: You have filled it with gas and not liquid. Fix: Using something like a ball-point pen, hold open the filler nozzle valve and let the lighter empty of gas. Do this a several times. Once it is empty, hold the gas refill bottle spigot downwards and and place the lighter underneath, unside down. Hold that position and fill with liquid. Warm the lighter in your hands for several minutes if you need to use it immediately, because the liquid needs to warm up to produce the gases which you will ignite. All should be well after this.
+ MITTELEUROPA APPROVED METHODS OF LIGHTING CIGARS
(1) The Zippo you carried with you all the way through Khe Sanh
(2) A black oxidized Ronson cigarette lighter , as carried by James Bond
(3) The Heer trench lighter you carried with you all the way through Stalingrad
(4) From the red hot glow of the barrel of an MG-42 which you just exchanged for a cool one (my favorite).
(5) From a burning spill drawn from the olive wood camp fire.
(6) From a large candle which was burning in the candelabra on the large oak dining table which sits at the center of a great Gothic hall
+ Ronson, black oxidized finish.
- Ian Fleming gave James Bond an black oxidized Ronson lighter and and gunmetal cigarette case. The Ronson is introduced as one of the elements of Bond's identity in Fleming's first novel: Casino Royale (1953) page 47.9:
»With the thin vertical scar down his right cheek the general effect was faintly piratical. Not much of Hoagy Carmichael there, thought Bond, as he filled a flat, light gunmetal box with fifty of the Morland cigarettes with the triple gold band. Mathis had told him of the girl's comment.
- Fleming himself carried a solid gold cigarette case with a black gunmetal finish which had been a present from one of his lovers:
From Ian Fleming Miscellany by Andrew Cook, published by the History Press, 2015, Cook relates that it was Maud Russell whom gave to Ian Fleming a gold cigarette case which had a black gunmetal finish:
Anne was resident mostly at the Dorchester, where Ian often played bridge with her and her lifelong friend Loelia Duchess of Westminster. The Duchess, who was separated from the Duke, had a crush on Ian that does not seem to have been reciprocated. She was six years older than him and had been a ‘bright young thing’ in the 1920s. He never could take her seriously as a seductive older woman, but he did immortalise her as the matronly Loelia Ponsonby in the Bond books. It was Maud Russell for whom he had real respect and affection, and it seems to have been mutual. She gave him a keepsake that he treasured: a gold cigarette case, disguised by a coating of gunmetal. She understood his love of deceit.
From Ian Fleming Miscellany by Andrew Cook:
So the gold-plated typewriter, and his gunmetal cigarette case which was really gold as well, reminded Ian of the glee his readers felt when James Bond ordered a vodka and tonic, noticed Revlon bottles in a lover’s bathroom or roared away in a speedboat. Revlon isn’t an upmarket brand today, but it was an exotic American import then. You couldn’t get vodka in the pub either. Most people had never tasted it.
In The Life of Ian Fleming by John Pearson , Pearson describes Fleming sitting down to create Bond in 1952:
James Bond was born at Goldeneye on the morning of the third Tuesday of January 1952, when Ian Fleming had just finished breakfast and had ten more weeks of his forty-three years as a bachelor still to run. He had already had his swim out to the reef, and he was wearing white shorts, a coloured beach shirt from Antonio’s in Falmouth, and black hide sandals. He came up the steps from the garden while Violet was clearing away the remains of breakfast, shut the door of the big living-room, closed the jalousies, and settled himself down at the brown roll-top desk with his oxidized gold cigarette case, his twenty-year-old Imperial portable, and a ream of best quality folio typing paper he had bought at a shop on Madison Avenue ten days earlier.
Pearson knew Fleming personally and would have seen him use that cigarette case.
In The Life of Ian Fleming by John Pearson , Pearson describes a later visit during the writing of the novel Goldfinger (1959):
Now that Fleming had decided to write the whole novel around the subject of gold the research for it became a labour of love. His old friend from the Reuters days, Rickatson-Hatt, who was now at the Bank of England, introduced him to one of the Bank’s experts for light on the latest gold-smuggling rackets. Guy Wellby showed him how gold could be oxidized, and a City gold merchant allowed him to spend an afternoon in his smelting rooms. In Jamaica that winter Fleming found Goldfinger one of the easiest of all his books to write. Life was continuing to smile upon him.
Someone may possess that cigarette case and not know of its provenance and value. Fleming gave away many of his personal possessions in the final year of his life when he knew he was dying.
- When it came time to represent James Bond on the silver screen in Dr No (1962), Cubby Broccoli and Harry Salzman had to decide on how to represent all of Bond's accoutrments and where they would obtain these items. They called a meeting with production buyer Ron Quelch at EON's South Audley Street offices to discuss all these matters. During the pre-production of Dr No (1962) the production buyer Ron Quelch had left the acquisition of Bond's cigarette case and cigarette lighter until the end of the list, imagining that the items specified were available anywhere. He was horrified to find they were not and telephoned Dunhill to ask if they could help. They said that by a stroke of luck, a lady had commissioned them to make a gunmetal cigarette case and a black oxidised Ronson lighter for her husband who was a James Bond fan and that these items were on his desk in front of him. These were the cigarette case and cigarette lighter used in the Dr No (1962). You can see both the cigarette case and the cigarette lighter during two scenes. Firstly during the scene at the casino at 00:07:29 and secondly during the scene with the Geiger counter at 00:46:16.
00:07:29 Bond's Dunhill black oxidized cigarette case and cigarette lighter showing it at rest on the baize with his Ronson lighter and in Bond's hands
A comparison of the cigarettes in Bond's cigarette case with some Senior Service cigarettes (right of photograph)
00:11:31 M finds out he is out of matches when he tries to light his pipe and Bond profers M his Ronson cigarette lighter
00:46:16: Bond's black oxidized cigarette case by Dunhill. Sean Connery removes it from this coat jacket pocket. The black case turns in his hand and reflects the sunlight (see the shadow of Quarrel's hat). Sean Connery opens the case and offers one of the cigarettes to Felix Leiter (Jack Lord). Ian Fleming's ebonite cigarette holder (the short one) was from Dunhill.
A production still: Morgan's Harbour: Sean Connery wears a Prince of Wales check suit by Anthony Sinclair a black knitted tie and holds a black oxide finish Dunhill cigarette case. The resolution of most transfers from Technicolor 35mm through to DVD is not great and Connery's suit looks to be flat gray but in fact it was a Prince of Wales check. The narrow black knitted tie as speficied by Fleming is clearly visible.
Dr No (1962) 00:55:46 Bond surprises Professor Dent at Miss Taro's bungalow.
- Certainly, these two cigarette cases, Fleming's gold black oxide finish cigarette case, and the Dunhill black oxide cigarette case used by Sean Connery in Dr No (1962) would be the two most valuable cigarette cases in the World.
In Fleming's novel From Russia with Love (1957), during the entrance of Red Grant, Fleming describes his possessions including his cigarette case:
From Moonraker (1955) Fleming describes Bond's cigarette case and cigarette lighter:
From The Spy who Loved Me (1966)
Ostfront: A Heer infantryman lights his cigarette on the igniter of his flamethrower. The dirt on top of the helmets is from Soviet artillery throwing up earth into the air during the battle.
1959-JAN-07 Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. Fidel knows that the best device for lighting the fire of revolution in the heart of the proletariat is with his capitalist Zippo lighter. The uniforms there were are US Army OG-107
Vietnam: Cigarettes and Zippo worn under the helmet band
00:29:39: Arnold Schwarzenegger lights up a cigar with his Vietnam issue Zippo
Sylvester Stallone in The Expendables 2 (2012)
In Expendables 2 (2012): The Expendables Zippo. Large and ornate patterns to show up well on camera.
The Vietnam Zippo Cigarette Lighters 1933-1975 by Schiffer Military History
Horst P. Horst's silver cigarette lighter (top) and silver cigarette case. The cigarette lighter was made for him by Coco Chanel . Horst had been round at Coco's house and had been playing with a piece of putty while he had been conversing with her. After he left, Coco had the piece of putty cast in silver and made into a cigarette lighter.
His Imperial Majesty King George V , lights up a cigarette as he prepares to watch the world's largest empire go up in smoke.
King Edward VIII as Prince of Wales, cigarette in mouth while on official duties, Canada, 1919. This was Mrs Simpson's favorite photograph of him.
The Duke of WIndsor, smoking a cigar
Crocodile leather cigar case owned by King Edward VII and given by him to King Edward VIII. Bears the crest of the Prince of Wales featuring the motto Honi Soit Qui Mal ye Pense. The cigar being smoked in the above photograph was likely withdrawn from this case.
Edward Fox as Edward VIII, Prince of Wales, smokes a cigar.
Baron Alexis de Redé, Baroness Marie Hélène de Rothschild, the Duke of Windsor, smoking a cigarette.
Winston Churchill in the 1920s
Winston Churchill in the 1930s
Winston S. Churchill sporting a cigar, a Cove hat and a Thompson submachinegun. You do not get to be "Man of the Century" without knowing how to be properly attired.
Winston Churchill in the 1940s on the deck of a Royal Navy battleship.
Twilight of the Gods: Sir Winston Churchill in the 1960s
The Old Bulldog: Sir Winston Churchill, Aristotle Onassis, Lady Soames, aboard the Yacht Christina O in New York Harbor, on Winston Churchill's last visit to the United States. Lady Soames is frame right. In his last years he lived at Hyde Park Gate in London. One day in front of the fire, watching the logs burn, he said, "I too, know what it is to be a log, to be slowly consumed."
Early Fifties Senior Service . The cigarette is named after the Royal Navy which the English refer to as the »Senior Service« because it is the oldest of their military institutions.
Senior Service Virginia Tipped
A cigarette lighter presented to Noël Coward by the company of the Savoy Theatre.
Noël Coward's cigarette box. These items are on display at the American Bar at the Savoy Hotel, London, England
Noël Coward's cigarette box and lighter are on display in the newly refurbished American Bar at the Savoy Hotel . Noël Coward stayed at the Savoy without charge for the rest of his life because during the Blitz he had stayed up all night and entertained the guests of the hotel by playing the piano.
"This Happy Breed"
from his company and staff
15th DEC 1942
Noël Coward in the desert outside Las Vegas 1955-JUN-01 photographed by Loomis Dean for Life Magazine.
From The Man with the Golden Typewriter by Fergus Fleming: Section of a letter from Sir Noël Coward to Ian Fleming
Noël Coward, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor in Boom! (1968)
Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg
True Grit. Marine Sergeant Angelo Klonis on Saipan , 1944-JUL-15 by W. Eugene Smith for Life Magazine
Some of you, like myself, will have seen this photograph before, perhaps over many years. Seen the grit in his face, the fatigue, the grim determination. The haunting backward glance. Wondered if he made it. Wondered if he survived the war. Well, only this year (2011) I stumbled across the answers to these questions, here .
+ Google Maps location of Evangelos Cocktail Lounge in Sante Fe, NM.
Winston cigarettes. This looks like it was an original pack from their introduction in 1959. In fact it is the packet is fake, produced somewhere in north west China and purchased in Kabul a few years ago. Most of the counterfeit cigarette manufacturing shops seem to be in the former Soviet Central Asian republics or on the Chinese side of the border.
Klaus Kinski in Werhmacht uniform lights one up for the Fatherland
Adolf Galland Luftwaffe fighter ace. Galland even had a cigar holder fitted to the cockpit of his aircraft.
Rex Harrison as an evil Nazi in Carol Reid's Night Train to Munich (1939) smoking a Haus Neuerburg cigarette.
Anton Diffring enjoys a cigarette and a glass of champagne in the officers' mess - The Blue Max (1966)
"War is Hell": Luftwaffe officers, resplendant in riding breeches, cavalry boots and flying jackets enjoy a cigarette while contemplating complex conundrums such as which vintages will be served with dinner.
Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein : The Battle of the Bulge. Moving up: Waffen- pass a captured US Army M8 AFV in the snow-covered Ardennes
Waffen- officers enjoy a cigarette while considering a map
Otto Skorzeny, in his office in Madrid at Montera 25, 1964-JAN-01
Definitive: Humphrey Bogart smokes a cigarette while wearing a trench coat and Fedora
The Maltese Falcon (1941) Humphrey Bogart smokes a cigarette while contemplating the Maltese Falcon
Humphrey Bogart's cigarette case. The case has had a 16 cent postage stamp affixed to it and bears the address 'Hollywood, California'.
Errol Flynn smoking a pipe, wearing Chinos, polo shirt, crevatte.
Errol Flynn, smoking a cigarette holder, Port Antonio, Navy Island, Jamaica
Wedding of the present Duchess of Alba to Luis Martínez de Irujo y Artázcoz, 1947. The Duke of Alba, looking every inch the patrician Spanish aristocrat, escorts his daughter. The Duke of Alba manages to squeeze in a crafty smoke while the photographers record the scene.
Coco Chanel and Salvador Dali
Coco Chanel, with cigarette
Don Carlos de Ceistegui, smoking a cigarette holder
1955 Venice Carlos de Ceistegui and Countess Jacqueline de Ribes
Georges Livanos 'Le Grec' smoking a cigarette on belay
Che Guevara was a man who knew that the revolution which will bring about the establishment of the world workers' soviet will happen a lot faster once the inner man has been fortified by a couple of hearty drags on some good Cuban tobacco. Furthermore, Che can easily check that the time is right for revolution by referring to his Imperialist Rolex GMT master.
Che Guevera smokes a Montecristo. Kodak Tri-X Pan film
Che Guevara smoking a Montecristo
Che Guevera smokes a Montecristo
Che Guevera and Fidel Castro at a press conference. Che lights his cigar. Fidel used to wear a pair of Rolex on his left wrist .
Che smokes a Montecristo. You can see the box on the table in front of him, with the distinctive Montecristo symbol on the lid.
From Cigar Aficionado December 2002, an interview with Fidel Castro in the summer of the 1994 issue of Cigar Aficionado. Page 79
Castro: [...]What I used to smoke was the Cohiba , which was the one that was developed in the last 23 years It was the 23 years that I smoked after the victory of the revolution. It was the Cohiba that I preferred.
Editor Mr Shanken: Which size did you prefer ?
It wasn't this one [points to the Esplendido (Churchill size)]. It was the smaller one [the Corona Especial] . I'll tell you something about the Cohiba. The Cohiba did not exist as a brand in Cuba. But one man who used to work for me as a bodyguard, I used to see the man smoking a very armomatic, very nice cigar, and I asked him what brand he was smoking. He told me that it was no special brand, but that it came from a friend who makes cigars and he gave them to him. I said. Let's find this man. I turned the cigar and I found it so good we got in touch with him and asked how he made it. Then we setup the house [the El Laguito factory] and he explained the blend of the tobacco he used. He told which leaves he used form which tobacco plantations. He told us about the wrapper he used and the other things. We ound a grup of cigar makers. We gave them material and that was how the factory was founded. Now Cobiba is known all over the world. That was 30 years ago.
Editor Mr Shaken: Where does the name Cohiba come from ?
Castro: It is a native name. It was the name the native Indian gave to cigars.
1950s: Even the stewardesses smoked cigars
Patron Saint of »Real Men« Alfonso de Portago . De Portago was the kind of man who when competing in the Mille Miglia would pull over his racing car to seduce a particularly attractive milk-maid and, having completed his seduction, drive like Hell to pull back the fifteen places he lost and still win the race.
The late great Peter O'Toole smokes a cigarette while typing a letter on the set of Lawrence of Arabia (1962). Behind him is Jack Hawkins.
Peter O'Toole and Jeffery Bernard seated at a table outside the Coach and Horses Inn , Soho, London GB smoking Peter O'Toole's trademark Senior Service cigarettes. The Coach and Horses is a haunt for literarti, thespians, and press. Together with the Fitzroy Tavern it is one of the two most important public houses in London.
Peter O'Toole smoking a cigarette holder takes a breather during filming.
Clint Eastwood smokes a Toscanelli cigar in Sergio Leone's Spaghetti Westerns. I once had pleasure of lighting my Toscanelli from the dull red glow of the chamber end of the hot barrel of an MG42 after a couple of belts of steel case 7.92mm. Oh yesss....
A pack of Toscanelli.
These cigars are produced by Cigarettes Toscana in Italy. A Toscanelli is half a Toscana cigar. The Toscana cigars are not straight-sided cylinders like most cigars but have a curve in their sides which makes them bulge in the middle. When they are cut in half they give the distinctive fat-ended shape you see in Sergio Leone's Westerns. Italy grows tobacco plants but the leaves are prepared by Cigarettes Toscana in a unusual way. The leaves are dampened while they are being dried, causing them to foment slightly and giving them a distinctive aroma.
How it all starts.
Dennis Hopper in the 1960s
The late Dennis Hopper smoking a cigar
Roy Talor in Dark of the Sun (1968) lights one up as he prepares to set the Belgian Congo alight.
A young Hunter S. Thompson prepares to light up after a riding his Triumph motorcycle to Big Sur.
Hunter S. Thompson writing the text of Hells Angels. Note the packet of 200 Pall Mall cigarettes near the shifter.
Hunter S. Thompson Las Vegas 1971, in front of the Cadillac
Hunter S. Thompson smokes a cigarette while reading a document. Kodak Tri X monochrome negative
Hunter wearing his trademark Tilley cotton sun-hat
Hunter S. Thompson smoking a Dunhill in the Great Red Shark
Hunter S. Thompson smokes a Dunhill in his signature cigarette holder, at a seminar.
Close-up of Hunter's cigarette holder
Hunter S. Thompson smoking his trademark Dunhill cigarette in his cigarette holder, circa 1970s
Hunter S. Thompson on his boat in Florida, unusually smoking a Vantage and not his Dunhill.
Hunter S. Thompson
Hunter S. Thompson shoots one of his revolvers while on the bench a pack of Dunhills and a glass of refreshment keep him company.
Hunter S. Thompson, with cigar and cat
Ralph Steadman , illustrator and collabtorator with Thompson, dressed as Hunter S. Thompson
The Great Red Shark halted in the desert. Johnny Depp and Benicio del Toro star in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998)
Hunter S. Thompson and Bill Murray. This photograph was taken when Bill Murray was preparing to shoot the movie Where the Buffalo Roam. Thompson's fee from the movie bought the boat they are standing in. Thompson was in the Florida Keys at the time, after the enourmous success of Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1971).
Orson Welles: Gravitas
Orson Welles on the set of Chimes at Midnight
Spain 1960 on location for Chimes at Midnight
From the The Richard Burton Diaries, for 1967-JUN-24
Saturday 24th A brilliantly hot day with Kate anxious to swim so we thought we'd kill two birds with one stone and go to La Rserve where K could swim while we ate and drank.55 This we did going by the Riva speedboat. It was very pleasant K swimming in the sea and the pool. Orson Welles gargantuanly fat joined us for a minute or two.56 He said that every film he'd directed in his life had cost him money, that he'd never received any money from any of his films and that Chimes at Midnight had cost him $75,000 personally out of his own pocket.57 He left the table suddenly and dramatically with a sotto voce darling to E and a conspiratorial squeeze of my shoulder. I wondered to E how he could possibly make love. [...] We ran into Sam Spiegel and Harry Kurnitz and took them up on the hill for a drink and a cool-off.58
Frank Sinatra, Milton Berle, Tony Curtis
The Rat Pack, smoking cigarettes
Frank Sinatra, Mort Sahl, George Jessel and Dean Martin.
Aristotle Onassis and Maria Callas, the two most famous Greeks in the world.
Aristotle Onassis lights the cigarette of Cyd Charisse
Photographer John Mundy lights a cigarette while holding his cigarette case
Yves Montand : Of a generation of Frenchmen who were born with a Gauloises hanging from their lip. The position of Montand's hand on the cigarette gives the impression that it detachable, which it is not. French pronunciation was adapted to enable talking while a Gauloise hangs from your lip and indeed the entire French language was developed because of the difficulties of pronouncing Latin while doing so.
There was Col. Nemo, with a dark-eyed, narrow face, and the dying butt of a Gauloise Troupe the harsh black-tobaccoed French G.I. cigarette-always in one comer of his mouth; Dodelier who camouflaged a keen mind in the unprepossessing exterior of a "tough kid" from the Paris streets; or the aristocrats (by virtue of title or exterior aspect) such as Blanckaert with his alwaysimpeccable shirts and his eyeglass; or the intellectuals, men of true erudition and broad views who were able to look at themselves and at the whole Indochina war from a distance, "in profile," as they said. They felt that, bearing the brunt of the war, they were entitled to express their opinions about it. No matter what can be said about the French officers corps, the stigma of being unblinking "yes-men" or Prussian automatons is not one which can be fairly applied to it.
From Street Without Joy by Bernard Fall, describing the First Indo-China War, and the Gauloise Troupe cigarette
Yves Montand at the Cannes Film Festival
Alain Delon's Ferrari 250GT Spyder California SWB recently turned up in a huge barn find in France, where it had been owned by a French haulier who had amassed a large collection of cars. The car was ordered by comedian Gérard Blain, then sold to Alain Delon
Alain Delon - Ferrari 250GT Spyder California SWB
Serge Gainsbourg . Reportedly there is a photograph of Serge Gainsbourg not smoking a cigarette, but I have never seen it, nor do I believe it exists.
Somewhere in Paris: Jean-Paul Belmondo smokes a cigarette while riding his motorcycle
Steve McQueen ISDT East Germany for the US team.
James Coburn relaxes with a cigarette after driving his Ferrari 250GT California Spyder
Paul Newman wearing evening dress rides a Riva on the way to the 1963 Venice film festival. Smell the warm evening air, the soft light reflecting off the chrome of the instrument dials on the dashboard. One evening in the eternal history of Venice will be yours and a glorious future yet awaits.
Door gunner Private Wayne Hoilein lights up a cigarette before taking off in is Huey, Yankee Papa 13. Photograph by Larry Burrows , Vietnam circa 1965.
R.I.P. - Bill »Fat Rat« Sutherland in Vietnam.
Trooper of the 25th infantry division, 1969, Vietnam, smoking a cigar
Vietnam: An infantryman smokes a cigarette. His helmet bears the number of months he has to complete on his tour of duty. Once within a few weeks of "going back to the world" , he would be termed a 'short-timer'. 'Short-timers' generally tried to stay out of trouble and were not given dangerous duties.
Vietnam 1968 in Hue during the Tet offensive. An M60 gunner strafs enemy positions while his ammo feed smokes a cigarette
Vietnam: Cigarettes and Zippo worn under the helmet band
The legendary Robin Olds by the equally legendary Ed Rasimus
Apocalypse Now : Chef on the PBR
Vietnam: An infantryman smokes a cigarette against a burning village
US Air Force General Curtis Le May. Famously, Le May was boarding a USAF bomber and as he clamboured into the aircraft, one of the air crew cautioned him to put out his cigar. Le May growled displeasure and ignored the crewman. The crewman pointed out that the aircraft could explode if fuel vapor was set on fire. Whereupon Le May barked "It wouldn't dare!"
1961 Cuban Missile Crisis: John F. Kennedy and General Curtis LeMay
The inimitable Terry-Thomas sporting a Bowler hat and exotic cigarette holder.
Terry-Thomas sports a cigarette holder and a newspaper print vest [waistcoat].
Terry-Thomas in a classic pose.
PG Wodehouse smoking a cigar
Actor and screenwriter Eric Sykes
Les Leston lights up a cigarette to celebrate his victory in the 1952 Grand Prix of Luxembourg
Phil Hill smokes a cigarette while resting on the rear of the GT40 camera can at Clermont-Ferrand during filming of Grand Prix (1966)
Françoise Hardy and Brian Bedford during filming of Grand Prix (1966)
Guiseppe Farina and Phil Hill during filming of Grand Prix (1966)
James Dean smokes a cigarette.
James Dean lights a cigarette in classic James Dean style. Photography by Richard C. Miller
Jimi Hendrix . Lemmy Kilmister was a roadie for Hendrix in the late Sixties and described Hendrix as having charm old-world manners.
Jimi Hendrix and Mick Jagger, 1969
Marcello Mastroianni in Matrimonio All'Italiana (1964), sunglasses and cigarette holder.
Serge Rachmaninov . A man who knew that representing in music the great vastness of Russia and the equally heroic struggles of the Russian peoples was best done after being fortified with a good Balkan blend. What most of his photographs do not convey is that Rachmaninov was 198cm / six feet six inches tall. "Six and half feet of scowl" as Stravinsky described him.
Comrade General Secretary Loenid Brezhnev, smoking a cigarette in a cigarette holder. Note the cufflinks on the shirtcuffs.
Comrade General Secretary Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev puffs his way through the Cold War. It is likely that a then Comrade Colonel Brezhnev was the man who arrested Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest, most probably to get his hands on Wallenberg's plush saloon car, for which Brezhnev was know to have a penchant, throughout his life.
Years of Upheaval by Dr Henry Kissinger
Comrade General Brezhnev takes a few moments off from running the World's largest empire by land-mass to enjoy a cup of coffee and a smoke.
Years of Upheaval by Dr Henry Kissinger, writing of Brezhnev's 1973-JUN-16 visit to the United States:
A young Toshiro Mifune
Toshiro Mifune lights up during a break in shooting on the location of Yojimbo (1961)
Akira Kurosawa and Toshiro Mifune, Venice Film Festival , 1960
Shitaro Katsu, Japanese actor famous for playing 'Zatoichi', the Blind Swordsman, smokes a cigarette. In private life he smoked cigars.
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr
Sir Michael Caine
Sir Michael Caine
Michael Caine at Cannes 1965, for the premiere of The Ipcress File (1965)
From The Richard Burton Diaries by Chris Williams:
It was August of 1971 and the Burtons are back on their yacht Kalizma moored of Villfranche-sur-Mer.
1971-JUL Thursday 5th, Villefranche Have been back since Tuesday. [Monte] Carlo a nuisance as usual so nipped over here for a slice of quiet. Michael Caine on board from his rented yacht a veritable tub that bobs like a cork.56 He has a nice girl with him called Suzy Kendall who is married and presumably separated from her husband who is a comedian called Dudley Moore.57 Michael speaks in a shout which becomes a bit hard in a small room. He is very funny and very cockney most of his wit being a regular and repeated pattern of catch-phrases. Black as your hat, A turkish religion with a tip-up seat etc. All repeated at various times during the day. Spends his time going to discotheques and parties of which, down here, there are hundreds. Many good reports of XYZ from all kinds of sources so E might have a big one again. [...]
Bill Wyman in the US, 1965
Keith Richards smokes while he's smoking, Marrakech, 1967
Point Blank (1967): Lee Marvin
Gorky Park: Lee Marvin in Helsinki
1966 Patrick Leigh-Fermor
Rossano Brazzi knows that there is only one thing better than piloting a Lamborghini Miura up the Grand St Bernard Pass and that is piloting a Lamborghini Miura up the Grand St Bernard Pass while enjoying a cigarette. From The Italian Job (1969)
A bearded Sir Roger Moore knows that the morning's two most important tasks can be undertaken simultaneously: Pouring coffee while smoking a cigar. Those of you blessed with James Bond-like skill and manual dexterity may attempt to light a cigar while riding on a chairlift and answering one's mobile telephone, all without dropping one's gloves or ski baton.
Set designer Ken Adam is famous for being the driving force behind the big Bond sets. But he was born Klaus Adam, in Berlin 1921-FEB-04. His father owned the large Adam sports department store on the corner of Leipzigstrasse and Friedrichstrasse. With increasing pressure on Jewish businesses during the Nazi era the family Adam had to leave Germany for England. Ken Adam's mother ran a large guest house in Hampstead, London GB, which became the center for German èmigrès. Ken tells that there were always around ten or fifteen people for dinner, composers, musicians, artists, philosophers, scientists, sculptors. Ken joined the RAF and ended up flying Hawker Typhoons in ground attack. The 'Jabos'. Right at the end of the war he obtained leave from his CO to travel to Berlin where he visited the family department store and the family houses to see what had become of them.
Ken Adam appreciated fast cars and owned a Mercedes-Benz 540K cabriolet which he sold and replaced with a Mini, which he had tuned (it would do over 100mph). He took it to Rome while working there where it was the first one they had seen. After the Mini he bought himself an E-type Jaguar which he was driving during the production of Dr No (1962). An impressive line-up of automobiles. But after you have flown a Hawker Typhoon in combat, which would sometimes see over five hundred knots IAS in a dive, not much is going to impress.
Adolfo Celi in Thunderball (1965)
Vic Elford in the 1968 Targo Florio . This is the pre-coffee stage. Dismounting from your steed the first task is to light-up and to restore fluid levels with a bottle of San Pellegrino. Your batman should be bringing the kettle to the boil to make your coffee, probably in this instance a large one, rather than a Turkish or an Expresso. Something wet. As fluid levels re-balance and the car cools off, your batman should have a pre-prandial Bloody Mary (large) in the making. I have never seen Vic Elford without cigarette in his hand.
Peter Wyngarde from Department S smokes a cigarette
As civilization nose-dived to destruction throughout the Seventies Peter Wyngarde proved that when things are that bad, sometimes the only thing you can do is push the stick forward and dive further into it. The costumes he wore during filming were all from his own wardrobe.
Bianca Jagger smoking a cigarette
The Late Great Richard Burton, being interviewed, 1970
From The Richard Burton Diaries:
Tuesday 8th [...] A glorious day as yesterday, blue skies and sun. I sat outside and got some sun on my face but I became too hot and had to change my sweater for a cooler shirt. [...] I cut down smoking cigarettes yesterday from my normal 50 or 60 to 17! It wasn't any great hardship but I wonder if 17 isn't as bad as 50 because I smoked each cigarette thoroughly whereas when I smoke thoughtlessly I probably take no more than two or three real drags, the rest simply vaporizing away. My appetite increased too though this may be the effect of not drinking which I haven't for 3 days.
Richard Burton knows that when you handle the world's most glamorous woman who is wearing world's most expensive jewels, it is best done with a cigarette in your hand.
Smokin' - Hot
Arnold Schwarzenegger at the Oktoberfest , 1967. Arnold's taste in cigars dates from his time in Munich.
Arnold Schwarzenegger and Francis Ford Coppola, smoking cigars.
Arnold Schwarzenegger mounted on a white horse smoking a cigar, by Anne Leibowitz
Arnold Schwarenegger lights his cigar before alighting from the Huey in Predator (1987) at Puerto Vallarta
00:29:39: Arnold Schwarzenegger lights up a cigar with his Vietnam issue Zippo
There is nothing like a good cigar after a massacre: Arnold Schwarzenegger listens to Sonny Landham describe their route of egress from the scene of destruction.
Arnold Schwarzenegger smoking a cigar wearing his Rolex
Arnold Schwarzenegger smoking a cigar
Sylvester Stallone in The Expendables 2 (2012) smokes Arturo Fuente Opus X
"I'm back !" announces Arnold Schwarzenegger for the second time in his career, in The Expendables 2 (2012), smoking what appears to be a Montecristo
Sylvester Stallone, about to depart from a restaurant, spots the camera.
Expendables 3 (2014) at 00:34:08: Sylvester Stallone's Richard Mille RM032 Scuba wristwatch during the scene on the escalator
Expendables 3 (2014) : Harrison Ford meets Arnold Schwarzenegger and Jet Li
Sylvester Stallone and Arnold Schwarzenegger next to a fuel bowser. Notice the 'No smoking' sign
Mel Gibson, smoking a cigar.
The late, great Gunter Sachs
Gunter Sachs' table cigarette box in gold by Cartier. Table cigarette boxes were common in the age of the filterless cigarette box and nearly all are subdivided to reflect this size of cigarette. Silver cigarette boxes, like a gold cigarette case, where a sign that one had arrived. Gold cigarette boxes, such as this one were almost unheard of because of the astronomical expense. My guess is that the item will go for twice the estimate at auction.
Reichsführer of Rock-n-Roll, Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister of Motörhead.
"If you think you are too old to Rock and Roll, you are" - Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister
Lemmy Kilmister, smoking cigarette, wearing 999 shoulder flash jacket, probably after Straf Abteilung 999
Lemmy Kilmister displays the tropical-issue uniform of a Rock-and-Roller.
Lemmy in his Hawkwind days
Bianca Brandolini d'Adda and Lapo Elkann for Valentino at the premiere of The Last Emporer
English auto-enthusiast, author, televison presenter and bon-viveur Jeremy Clarkson
Booze n'fags: Clarkson, Hammond and May light up
Daniel Craig smoking a cigar
Morante de la Puebla smoking a cigar in the Corrida
Illustrator René Gruau for Editions du Désastre
Beat that. Rita Hayworth as the evil Gilda, in Gilda (1946) publicity still by Robert Coburn
Marlene Dietrich in The Devil is a Woman (1935)
Marlene Dietrich in The Devil is a Woman (1935)
The Goddess of Haute Couture attended by the Muse of Wit: Marlene Dietrich is met by her good friend the Colossus of stage, screen and letters, Sir Noël Coward at London Airport 1954-JUN-16. There are photographs of Marlene and Sir Noël at movie premiere subsequent to this photograph. Marlene and Sir Noël had been close friends for many years.
Up until 1946 "London Airport" was at Croydon Aerodrome. Heathrow had been built during WWII to handle military transport aircraft.
At the Louis Sherry Bar in the Metropolitan Opera : John Gielgud smokes a cigarette, Marlene Dietrich and Noel Coward are between cigarettes. Notice John Guilgud holds his (then filterless) cigarette in a particular R.A.D.A fashion, as if striking a pose. This particular style of smoking may be observed in all of the great English actors of the pre-filter period. Photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt .
Sir John Gielgud shows the correct RADA form when holding a lit cigarette.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and her sister Her Royal Highness Princess Margaret
Lauren Bacall has a gentleman light her cigarette for her.
Lady from Shanghai (1948) Rita Hayworth lights up
Anne St Marie
Anne St Marie
Anne St Marie
Anne St Marie
Anne St Marie
Mannequin Lisa Fonssagrives smoking a cigarette
The fabulous mannequin and actress Suzy Parker shows how its done.
Vogue: Suzy Parker smoking a cigarette
Apollonia van Ravenstein by Norman Parkinson 1973
1961 Dolly Fritz at the San Franciso Palace Beaux Arts
Charlotte Rampling gives us a view of her exquisite thighs.
Audrey Hepburn, who was also a keen smoker off-screen. Audrey Hepburn's sunglasses were made by Oliver Goldsmith and named Manhattan.
Shirley Eaton on the set of Goldfinger (1964)
Brigitte Bardot smoking a cigar, Spain 1971. Photography by Terry O'Neill
Brigitte Bardot smoking a cigarette on the beach at St Tropez. That bikini must have been scandalously tiny for its time.
Antibes: Brigitte Bardot finds that helping Sascha Distel to reverse is best acheived with a hearty drag
Slim Keith, smoking a cigarette at a party
Slim Keith and James Stewart
Slim Keith, Diana Vreeland and her husband.
Maria Felix smoking a cigar in a holder
Maria Felix smoking cigar
Sixties Übermodel Veruschka, smoking a cigarette circa 1990
Veruschka - Self portrait smoking cigarette wearing a suite seated upon Louis Vuitton luggage
Veruschka smoking a cigarette in a Paris Casino by Franco Rubartelli for Vogue Paris 1967
Veruschka relaxes between takes with a cigarette and a St Bernard dog
Olivia Newton John
The incomparable Valerie Leon sports an enormous cigarette holder as Miss Tania the Lotus Eater in Revenge of the Pink Panther (1978)
Fanny Ardent smoking a cigarette
Lady smoking a cigarette in evening dress and wearing handcuffs, photography by Helmut Newton
Carré Otis smoking a cigarette photo by Helmut Newton
Linda Evangelista for Vogue 1991-DEC
Carla Bruni smoking a cigarette
Carla Bruni and the Comptesse Jaqueline de Ribes, smoking cigarettes
The divine Dita von Teese.
Dita von Teese
Xenia Onatop smokes a cigar at the Casino in Monaco in Goldeneye (1995)
Catherine Deneuve and Jean-Loup Sieff
Enjoying a cigarette break over coffee: A model wearing a gown by couturier Galia Lahav's from her collection "Old Hollywood"
+ SEE ALSO
+ Cigarette Lighters and Accessories
+ EXTERNAL LINKS
- Cigarettespedia - the encyclopedia of cigarettes
- http://www.theperfectpleasure.com/ - Smokers and Cigarettes
- Glamorous Smokers
- Smoking Celebrities
- Female celebrity smoking list
- Jim's Burnt Offerings
- Chicks and Stogies
- Smoke into Oblivion Cigar Blogspot
- http://www.pinterest.com/cigarchief/cuban-cigars/ - Cuban cigar photographs
- Holy Smoke by G.Cabrerra Infante
- The Perfect Gentlemen by James Sherwood published by Thames and Hudson
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