»Uphill, in the dark, in the rain, on the edge of a map«
- a phrase describing all military maneuvers.
+ NATO ONC and TPC air charts
+ Trans-Europa - GB Automobile Association route-finding tables for Continental Europe in 1968
+ James Bond's route across France to Switzerland in 1959 as written by Ian Fleming in Goldfinger (1959)
+ European roads in the 1940s
+ Germany - DDAC Durchfahrtspläne fur 150 deutsche Städte - DDAC's town plans of 150 German towns for 1939
+ Switzerland - Swiss LDS topographic maps
+ England - London and Great Britain in 1950 by the GB Automobile Association
+ Italy - Istituto Geografico Centrale - Italian topographic maps
+ France - French Autoroutes in the 1960s
+ France - French Autoroutes in 1980s
+ France - English Automobile Assocation route finding tables for the French Riviera circa late 1960s
+ France - IGN 1:50,000 topographic maps
+ Eduard Denzel's guide to Alpine Passes
+ Hugh Merrick's guide to Alpine Passes and Trans-Alpine Routes
+ Convert Lattitude and Longitude degress-minutes-seconds to decimal degrees . Google Earth and many GPS system use decimal degrees.
French Autoroute system in the mid Sixties
The French Riviera in 1971
DDAC 1940 map of Europa showing Route Goldfinger (1959)
Map, France, Cannes-Antibes
Map: St Tropez to Cannes circa 2001
Major and notable ski areas are marked in light blue. The Parc Vanoise is marked in cross-hatched green. You can see that it has prevented the Les Trois Vallee ski area from expanding until it meets the Val d'Isere ski area, which was its function. The Parc Vanoise joins the Gran Paradiso on the Italian side of the Alps.
Switzerland in the 1960s
Geneva to Zürich
Kümmerly & Frey road map Alpenländer Alpine Countries 1960s
In the above map, motion picture locations are marked by squares:
Purple: On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969) , Gold: Goldfinger (1964) , Green: The Eiger Sanction (1975) , Turquoise: The Italian Job (1969) , Red: The Great Escape (1963) , Blue: Where Eagles Dare (1968) , Red Circle: Goldeneye (1995). World War II locations are marked by a red diamond.
The thick red bar is the line of the backbone of the Alpine mountain range. It is in this chain that the Alps are at their highest. The red double-opposed-diamonds mark the location of the road passes across the Alps
Denzel Verlag's overview map of the Alps showing the above K+F map inset, the red box.
Kümmerly & Frey road map Alpenländer - Alpine Countries 1960s, showing the route of Carrera Pan-Alpina
Showing the route: Chamonix -> Geneva -> Col de la Faucille -> Jura -> Bern -> Jungfrau -> Meiringen -> Haslital -> Grimselpass -> Furkapass -> Andermatt -> Chur -> Vaduz -> Feldkirch -> St Anton -> Flexenpass -> Lech -> Reutte -> Garmisch-Partenkirchen -> Inn valley -> Kufstein -> Ellmau -> St Johan im Tirol -> Lofer -> Steinpass -> Berchtesgaden -> Kehlsteinhaus ("Eagle's Nest") -> Salzburg -> Linz -> Enns -> Steyr -> Bad Hall -> Pettenbach -> Gmunden -> Ebensee -> Bad Ischl -> Halstatt -> River Lammer -> Golling -> Werfen -> Zell-am-See -> Grossglockner -> Dobbiaco -> Cortina D'Ampezzo -> Sterzing -> Jaufenpass -> Meran/Merano -> Vinschgau -> Stelvio pass/Stilfersjoch -> Bórmio -> Passo di Foscagno -> Passo d'Éira -> Livigno -> St Moritz ->
St Moritz -> Maloja pass -> Splügen pass -> San Bernardino Pass -> Bellinzona -> Locarno -> A4
St Moritz -> Maloja pass -> Lake Como -> Dongo -> Como -> A4
A4 -> Ivrea -> Aosta -> Grand St Bernard -> Martigny -> Col de Forclaz -> Chamonix
Route Goldfinger (1964) across Switzerland in the 1960s.
The readout in the Aston Martin's moving map appears three times and the location shown is marked. In the early Sixties, the autoroute Geneva-Lausanne was built but ended shortly after that. You can still drive the old two lane blacktop along the lake and along Valais to the Furkapass. After Andermatt the Goldfinger's Rolls Royce and Bond's Aston Martin turn north to Altdorf and then around the northern circumference along the lakes to Luzern.
Route Goldfinger across Switzerland in the 1960s
Routes of the Orient-Express
NATO escape map Volga, Stavropol region, circa 1950s
1979 CIA map of disposition of forces of the Soviet Union and Soviet Military Districts
Operation Torch, 1944, the Invasion of the South of France
Landeskarte der Schweiz 1:50,000 - key to individual maps
Plan of the Alpenfestung in 1945 complied by Roland Kaltenegger.
France with the names of the regions.
NATO ONC and TPC air charts are now here
Post-war outline map of Switzerland, showing watersheds and major two-lane highways.
Wartime Luftwaffe air chart showing sector number, section Switzerland, Austria
Wartime Italian Airforce air chart Carto Aeronautica d'Italia 1:500,000 1936 sectin Istria and Fiume
+ SEE ALSO
+ EXTERNAL LINKS
- www.Cartographic.com in Chicago. Cartographic supply the Soviet General Staff's topographic maps, which cover the entire globe.
- www.Standfords.co.uk in London.
- Highest Paved Roads in Europe
- A good page on sporting mountain roads of the world
- NATO ONC and TPC Tactical Pilotage Charts (Air Charts) in .JPG and .PDF format at the library of the University of Texas
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