James Bond's Rolex Submariner
The Rolex watch became synonymous with the warrior caste as a result of its participation in two world wars. Prior to the Great War wristwatches were worn only by ladies. Men wore a pocket watch. Officers in the trenches began wearing wrist-watches, of which the Rolex was the most desirable. During the Second World War the ascendancy of the Rolex brand was complete. Captured aviators would be relieved of their Rolex by their captors. Rolex in Geneva generously offered to replace all lost in such a manner. Several Rolex watches ended up fighting the war on both sides, as a result. The Rolex brand rose higher still when after the Second World war it became associated with the new and exotic activity of Scuba diving. Jaques Cousteau had invented Scuba diving after spending the war using military issue rebreathers. Scuba diving was undertaken by real-men in exotic, distant, locations and an submersible watch was required: The Rolex Submariner. This resulted in Fleming choosing the Rolex for Bond to wear in his novels and EON choosing the Rolex Submariner for Bond to wear in Dr No (1962). Rolex further cemented its association with warriors by being the watch of choice for US aviators during the Vietnam War. Usually the Rolex GMT Master. The CIA Ravens who flew black ops in Cambodia were issued with a gold Rolex GMT Master to use as a blood chit to buy their way to freedom if they were brought down in the jungle and captured by the natives.
- Dr No (1962) - Sean Connery wears a Rolex Submariner, apparently on a dark-brown leather two-piece strap.
- From Russia with Love (1963) Sean Connery wears a Rolex Submariner, apparently on the same leather strap.
- Goldfinger (1964) Sean Connery wears a Rolex Submariner on a three-color webbing strap, three black stripes, two green stripes which appear to be lined with a fine red edge.
- Thunderball (1965) Sean Connery wears a Rolex Submariner on a three-color webbing strap
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969) George Lazenby wears a Rolex 6238 Chronograph.
- Fleming's James Bond Novels
+ Dr No (1962)
00:19:02 James Bond is taken for a ride by one of Dr No's henchmen 'Mr Jones from Government House'.
Looks like coming up for 17:00HRS.
Scene: James Bond inspects Quarrel's boat with a Geiger counter . (00:45:00)
00:45:00 James Bond inspects Quarrel's boat with a Geiger counter and tests the counter by waving it over his Rolex Submariner watch.
Looks like 17:20HRS
Note that the light (probably Mole-Richardson Brute) seems to reflect off the surface of the wristwatch strap as if the strap were convex.
During the Great War, military watch dials had been painted using radioactive radium paint , which glowed in the dark. This practice was stopped after the war because they found that the women who were wielding the paintbrushes would lick the paintbrush between their lips to obtain a fine point prior to painting the fine register on the dial. This exposed their tongue and lips to radioactive paint and some of them suffered serious side effects as a result. Phosphorescent luminous paint was introduced in the 1950s. In the Soviet Union the use of radium paint continued right up until the end of the Soviet Union. The Rolex Submariner would have had its dial painted with phosphorescent luminous paint which was not radioactive. Even sixty years after the war, watches with radium painted dials are still radioactive. A friend of mine was an engineer at a nuclear power plant. One of the watch aficionados brought in a wartime watch with a radium dial which they put through various tests. Its radioactivity was of such a level that there was nowhere they could keep it legally except in the store for radioactive materials. Nuclear power plants operate to higher standards that the outside world and while the radium dial was not dangerous outside, it was classified as a hazard within the plant and had to be kept in the low-level radioactivity store.
In 2011 I discovered, quite by accident, that Bond's Rolex Submariner in Dr No (1962) appeared to be mounted on a two-piece black/brown leather strap. Well, Cinema Retro in their special edition on Dr No (1962) on page 64 have reproduced a photograph used as a publicity still only in France. The photograph must have been taken during the scene when Bond is in the boat with the Geiger counter. In the publicity still he is holding the Rolex in his hand (not on his wrist) and you can see that in fact the watch has a brown leather strap with what looks like a crocodile pattern on the surface. The closest image in Dr No (1962) is the one at 00:54:41, where you can almost see both the color and the pattern. Same at 01:02:03 where the Rolex is strongly lit in daylight. This photograph of the Rolex which Cinema Retro have found is the only one I have ever seen. Well done Cinema Retro. On page 94 there is a large monochrome photograph of Sean Connery holding the clapper board at the White River location. It is clear that the strap on the Rolex is two-piece leather.
French Publicity Still: At Morgan Harbour, Sean Connery holds James Bond's Rolex Submariner in his hand. The crocodile leather strap is clearly visible.
00:52:22 You can see that the light reflects off the strap on Bond's Rolex Submariner in the way it would off a curved reflective surface, not a flat matt surface. This indicates that the strap is a leather strap, and not a webbing band.
Looks like 17:10HRS
Notice that the strap seems to terminate on one of the pins, and not rise and fall over a pin or bar in order to flow under the watch case, as would a single piece webbing.
00:52:43 and again you can see the light reflecting off the strap.
Probably our best shot of the Rolex: Sean Connery in bed with Zena Marshall. Sadly the Rolex is in shadow and the focus is elsewhere.
Sean Connery and Zena Marshall in bed.
00:59:46 Bond awakes to hear Honey Ryder's singing.
01:02:02 You can see that in strong sunlight, the strap on the Rolex Submariner is definitely brown and not black.
In this superb photograph you can see a reasonable detail of Bond's Rolex Submariner but also the hue of Honey Ryder's belt, which is a '37 Pattern British Army issue webbing belt with brass fittings.
The strong cotton webbing was a neutral canvas color when issued but would be rendered into the color desired (usually green) by a shoe-polish like paste called 'Blanco' . The Blanco would then be rubbed into the belt. There was also white Blanco which was used by the military police to Blanco their webbing belt and Sam Brown . It is white Blanco which has been used to Blanco Honey Ryder's belt, but you can see that the hue of the belt has changed slightly by salt-water immersion. The casting of Honey Ryder's belt as a '37 Pattern was inspired.
Laughing Waters: Sean Connery's Rolex Submariner is visible as well as Ursula Andress's '37 Pattern webbing belt and her float handled Scuba diving knife.
The strap on the Rolex appears to reflect the light as if it was a curved surface. It appears to terminate on the spring bar.
Laughing Waters: Sean Connery's Rolex
Sean Connery embraces Sylvia Trench giving us a view of his Rolex Submariner. In his right hand is a golf club.
Sean Connery rests while filming Dr No (1962). Note the Rolex buckle on the leather strap. It seems almost certain that this is the Rolex he is wearing and that the Rolex was worn upon a leather Rolex-issue strap.
Comparison of the Rolex Submariner strap buckle with a Rolex strap buckle
Sean Connery and Ursula Andress at Laughing waters. Connery's Rolex is visible in detail. The time looks like 12:15HRS. In this image, the strap appears to terminate on the spring bar.
Sean Connery holds the clapperboard. You can see the Rolex Submariner on his wrist has a two-piece strap because of the manner in which it swells up around the spring bars.
Pinewood Studios: Sean Connery poses with Walther PP and Rolex Submariner
In the world of research chemistry, there is a saying: Six months in the lab can save ten minutes in the library. It is the same in Bond research and there all the time in my Bond library was the paragraph I had been looking for:
James Bond - The Legacy by John Cork and Bruce Scivally published by Boxtree, 2002, page 36
They were looking for everything that Bond might or might not have been wearing. Whether he would have cuff links or whether he wouldn't. Whether he would have a tie pin, whether he would have an identity chain, what watch he was wearing, what sort of wallet he would carry, whether it be an inside pocket job or a hip wallet. Everything that went to create the character of Bond was discussed at that meeting, and it took a long time, believe you me.
James Bond - The Legacy by John Cork and Bruce Scivally published by Boxtree, 2002, page 36
Style was key to quickly communicating the character of Bond. If he was to represent the best the Western powers had to offer, he had to be surrounded by the best 007 could not just drink vodka it needed to be Smirnoff's; he could not just wear a watch, it needed to be a Rolex. The Champagne would be Don Perignon.
James Bond - The Legacy by John Cork and Bruce Scivally published by Boxtree, 2002, page 37, Sean Connery himself states:
When I first met Fleming there was certainly no dissension between us on how to see Bond. I saw him as a complete sensualist - senses highly tuned, awake to everything, quite amoral. I particularly like him because he thrives on conflict.
In the above paragraph we can see that the Rolex Submariner used in Dr No (1962) was in fact owned by Cubby Broccoli. Further more, Ron Quelch, the production buyer who attended the meeting, confirms this in his interview given to Cinema Retro for inclusion in their special edition on Dr No, on page 135.
- It is unfortunate for Rolex that in the two biggest moments in wrist-watch history, the Moon landings and James Bond's first motion picture, through a combination of events including bad luck, Rolex failed to seize the moment and make it their own. Were it not for Cubby Broccoli, Sean Connery as James Bond may not have worn a Rolex.
- I have written to the Broccoli family with the information contained in these pages, seeking information on the existence of the Rolex in question but have not received a reply. At this time I suspect that no-one knows where the Rolex is. If this Rolex Submariner is ever found then it would be the most expensive wrist-watch ever to be auctioned, along with Buzz Aldrin's missing NASA-issue Omega Speedmaster Moonwatch.
+ From Russia with Love (1963)
Scene: 00:16:50 Bond enjoys a picnic while out punting.
Sean Connery's Rolex Submariner: The leather strap is visible
On the set of the »Soviet Embassy«. Bond checks the time on his Rolex.
In the inset of this image I have increased the brightness and contrast. You can make out that the strap is brown and not black. Furthermore, when you examine two hypotheses:
(1) That the strap was a black webbing band
(2) That the strap was a dark brown leather strap
the hypothesis which is best supported by the evidence is (2) that the strap was the leather two-piece strap and almost certainly the same strap as we see in Dr No (1962)
On the set of the Orient Express sleeper carriage.
Scene: The Night Fight at the Gypsy Camp 00:37:00
Location: Pinewood back lot.
A »mystery« watch makes an appearance on the wrist of Sean Connery during the filming of From Russia with Love (1963) . It can be seen most clearly in the scene where Bond leaves the Gipsy Camp and then enters the car. No detail is visible, but the watch appears to be smaller diameter than a Rolex Submariner and is mounted on a black leather strap.
There is a monochrome publicity still from the making of Shalako (1968) , some years after the making of From Russia with Love (1963) which shows Sean Connery holding his co-star Brigitte Bardot . On his wrist is the same »mystery« wristwatch. This wristwatch also appears in several stills from Dr No (1962)
+ Goldfinger (1964)
In the above frame, the props department have made an error and fitted with watch with an 18mm strap when it is has been designed to receive a 22mm watch strap. This mistake has horrified wristwatch aficionados ever since.
In the above frame, the image of the frame has altered to make the watch strap into a 22mm.
As Bond sets the timer on the bomb, you can see that the strap on the Rolex is the normal length for use as a wrist strap. It is not the extended length for wearing over a wetsuit, flightsuit or skydiving overalls. You can wear the extended length strap on your bare wrist by folding the excess through the loops.
Wrist-watch aficionados refer to webbing straps as a 'NATO' band even though that term did not arrive until the 1970s. Webbing straps (two-piece) were used during WWII on wristwatches such as the Omega Broadarrow issued to RAF pilots.
WWII Omega Broad Arrow RAF issue pilots wrist-watch, showing two-piece webbing strap
WWII Omega Broad Arrow RAF issue pilots wrist-watch, showing two-piece webbing strap
Commercial divers (divers who undertake oilfield construction and maintenance) wear dry-suits, which are air-filled, as opposed to wet-suits, which are water-filled. Dry-suits swell up or compress depending on the pressure of the air inside them or the pressure of the water outside of them. This means that a fixed strap like a NATO band will pinch the dry-suit if it swells up, or may become slack if the dry-suit is compressed by the pressure of the water. Commercial divers used to obviate this problem by fabricating a strap from automobile tire inner tube. The rubber will expand and contract as necessary. Commercial divers used to wear Rolex Sea-Dweller wrist-watches in the 1970s (COMEX, Santa Fe, etc) but now wear a dive computer.
Sean Connery wearing a Rolex Submariner showing the underside of the strap
+ On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969)
George Lazenby wears his Rolex 6238 Chronograph for the scene in the barn with Diana Rigg
+ Thunderball (1965)
Thunderball (1965): The Rolex Submariner is on Bond's wrist for the scene in the hôtel bathroom
01:19:45 One of the best views yet of Bond's Rolex Submariner
Thunderball (1965) Sean Connery and Luciana Paluzzi. You can see the strap of Bond's Rolex Submariner
Colonel Russhon , United States Army (left) with Sean Connery. Colonel Russhon facilitated co-operation with the US Army on Eon's productions. You will notice that in Goldfinger (1964), his name appears on the sign outside Fort Knox. Apparently Col Russhon had a fondness for ice-cream.
01:32:00 Notice that Bond/double is not wearing a wristwatch. From the shape of the biceps/triceps this appears to be Bond double Bob Simmons.
01:32:01: Notice that Bond/double is now wearing a mystery black wristwatch with a black band
Bond's Rolex Submariner is visible on his wrist during the beach scene with Domino
01:38:38 Bond investigates the canal near Largo's hideout. A good view of the Rolex Submariner. In the background is Scuba gear lying on the ground
01:32:03 - The Brietling Top Time Geiger counter worn over Bond's red wetsuit. Apparently this was purchased for the production at a yard sale for the price of twenty-five pounds. It was sold at auction in 2013 for GBP 103,875
Breitling Top Time
01:07:02: In the above frames, Bond and Felix Leiter perform reconnaissance from a helicopter
Sean Connery parts his hair on the left In the first frame at 01:07:02 you can see that everything is normal. The helicopter is being flown across a soundstage at Pinewood. In the second frame in the middle of the above panel, 01:08:06, you can see that the footage has been reversed. The mystery wristwatch, with metal bracelet, which Sean Connery is wearing, is now on the other wrist and so is his hair parting. The next footage at 01:29:07 sees a return to normal. In the image below, I have reversed the frame back to normal. You can see the mystery wristwatch which Sean Connery wears for this scene. In the first helicopter scene he wears no wristwatch at all.
01:08:06 Sean Connery wears a mystery wristwatch for the helicopter scene filmed at Pinewood Studios
Bond checks the Brietling Top Time Geiger counter
Bond shows Domini her brother's Breitling 806 Navimeter and dogtags, which he has retrieved from the cockpit of the Vulcan
+ The Rolex in Fleming's Novels
Bond's Rolex Submariner makes an appearance in three of Fleming's Novels
Live and Let Die (1954)
In this paragraph, Bond is underwater directly under the keel of a boat:
»Bond's skin cringed under the black rubber but he could do nothing about them and he concentrated on his objective. Suddenly there was a long metallic shape hanging in the water above him. Behind it there was a jumble of broken rock leading steeply upwards. It was the keel of the Secatur and Bond's heart thumped in his chest. He looked at the Rolex watch on his wrist. It was three minutes past eleven o'clock. He selected the seven-hour fuse from the handful he extracted from a zipped side-pocket and inserted it in the fuse pocket of the mine and pushed it home. The rest of the fuses he buried in the sand so that if he was captured the mine would not be betrayed. As he swam up, carrying the mine between his hands, bottom upwards, he was aware of a commotion in the water behind him. A barracuda flashed by, its jaws half open, almost hitting him, its eyes fixed on something at his back. But Bond was intent only on the centre of the ship's keel and on a point about three feet above it.«
In Thunderball the villain Giuseppe Petacchi wears a Rolex, which Fleming mentions twice. In the first paragraph, Fleming describes how he aspires to own a Rolex, with a gold bracelet.
»And all his life he had had a passion for owning things—flashy, exciting, expensive things. He had most of what he desired—a couple of gold cigarette cases, a solid gold Rolex Oyster Perpetual Chronometer on a flexible gold bracelet , a white convertible Lancia Gran Turismo, plenty of sharp clothes, and all the girls he wanted (he had once been briefly married but it had not been a success). Now he desired, and what he desired he often got, a particular Ghia-bodied 3500 G.T. Maserati he had seen at the Milan motor show. He also wanted Out—out of the pale green corridors of NATO, out of the Air Force, and, therefore, off to new worlds with a new name. Rio de Janeiro sounded just right. But all this meant a new passport, plenty of money, and “organismo”—the vital “organismo.”«
In the second paragraph, set much later in time, Fleming describes how Petacchi consults his Rolex.
»For the tenth time Petacchi consulted the Rolex. Now! He verified and tested the oxygen mask in the bulkhead beside him and laid it down ready. Next he took the little red-ringed cylinder out of his pocket and remembered exactly how many turns to give the release valve. Then he put it back in his pocket and went through into the cockpit.«
Fleming's On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963)
In first paragraph Bond is planning is escape from Piz Gloria and assesses the value of his Rolex as a Knuckle-duster:
»Bond surveyed his weapons. They were only his hands and feet, his Gillette razor and his wrist-watch, a heavy Rolex Oyster Perpetual on an expanding metal bracelet. Used properly, these could be turned into most effective knuckledusters. Bond got up, took the blade out of his Gillette and dropped the razor into his trouser pocket. He slipped the shaft between the first and second fingers of his left hand so that the blade-carrier rested flat along his knuckles. Yes, that was the way! Now was there anything, any evidence he should try and take with him? Yes, he must try and get more, if not all, of the girls' names and, if possible, addresses. For some reason he knew they were vital. For that he would have to use Ruby. His head full of plans for getting the information out of her, Bond went out of the bathroom and sat down at his desk and got on with a fresh page of de Bleuvilles. At least he must continue to show willing, if only to the recording eye in the ceiling.«
In second paragraph, Bond is consider which watch to purchase to replace the smashed Rolex:
»Bond lifted his left wrist. Remembered that he no longer had a watch. That he would certainly be allowed on expenses. He would get another one as soon as the shops opened after Boxing Day. Another Rolex ? Probably. They were on the heavy side, but they worked. And at least you could see the time in the dark with those big phosphorus numerals. Somewhere in the hall, a clock struck the half-hour. 1.30. Twelve hours before, he must have just set up the trap that killed the three men in the Mercedes. Self-defence, but the hell of a way to celebrate Christmas!«
In Fleming's novel From Russia with Love (1957), during the entrance of Red Grant, Fleming describes his possessions including his Girard-Perregaux:
+ SEE ALSO
- The FAQ of Action Wristwatches or Action Wrist-watch FAQ How to select a wrist-watch for use in action. This is an extensive technical document on how to choose wrist-watches for the type of missions Bond would have undertaken.
+ EXTERNAL LINKS
- AJB007 on Bond's Rolex Submariner. This document is almost certainly authoritative.
- - www.westcoastime.stores.yahoo.net
- - www.jamesbondwatches.com
- Complete list of James Bond watches at Rolex BlogSpot
- Jakes World Rolex Blog
- Rolexblog - The wristwatches of James Bond
- Wikipedia List of James Bond Gadgets
- Rolex Divomet Scuba depth gauge at Christies
- http://www.classicdriver.com/ The Brietling Top Time Chronograph used by James Bond in Thunderball (1965) at auction
- Goldfinger (1964) at Watches in Movies
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